Signs and Markings Critical To Leap in Road Safety

Motor Industry and Highways Sector Must Unite to Save Lives, report claims.

The two heavyweights in road and car safety, EuroRAP and Euro NCAP, have joined forces to call on the motor industry and the highways sector to work together to ensure that technologies now available in the showroom reach their potential of saving thousands of lives. Absolutesignsolutions.com.au is the online producer of a wide variety of ready-to-apply signs Sydney and decals.

In a consultation document issued jointly by the safety organisations, Roads that Cars can Read, EuroRAP and Euro NCAP assert that the condition of road signs and markings could be the greatest hurdle in reaping the benefits of new in-car safety technology.

According to the report, technologies now arriving in new car showrooms are forecast to save thousands of European lives as they trickle down into universal use. Increasingly cameras and sensors are used to read the road ahead and help the vehicle react early if drivers are heading into danger. Though, obscured signs or faded road markings are hard to read whether using the naked eye or an in-car camera. The new report includes a survey of six countries to probe how signing and marking practice still varies around Europe after more than half a century of international conventions.

John Dawson, Chairman of the European Road Assessment Programme (EuroRAP) says: “Huge sums have been spent developing technology that is revolutionizing the safety of our vehicles. Little attention has been given to the quality of basic signing and marking with which drivers currently have to cope. We’ve found no country which systematically measures the quality of signing and marking being achieved. A century after the cat’s eye was invented, technology is again driving this rethink of how the road ahead can be read safely. The key lesson is that what is good for humans is good for machines.”

Roads that Cars can Read recommends that the roads and motor industries should learn to work on new designs together by focusing on helping drivers with two early technologies now offered in new cars, “Lane Support” and “Speed Alert”. Lane Support reads lane markings to work out the position of the vehicle within the lane and steers drifting vehicles back on path, a common origin of crashes. “Speed Alert” allows drivers to choose warnings when exceeding posted roadside speed limits.

Michiel van Ratingen, Secretary General of the European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) says: “the roadsides of Europe are littered with flowers and shrines. More than a quarter of road deaths involve running off the road. ‘Lane Support’ gives the driver a warning that’s as physical as hitting a rumble strip on the road. It is estimated more than 2,000 European deaths annually can be prevented with this technology.”

“The consequences of missing a change of speed limit have become more serious as more nations have adopted a points system and enforce limits rigorously. The ‘Speed Alert’ system protects the drivers from missing a speed sign, not least when limits chop and change.”

Roads that Cars can Read recommends that both the roads and motor industries this decade should target improved signing and marking on the ten per cent of Europe’s roads where the majority of travel and the majority of deaths are concentrated involving higher speed crashes. “The majority of European deaths are on national roads and busy regional roads outside towns. The single carriageways are Europe’s killing fields. We should focus this decade on ensuring the quality of the signing and marking on these busy open roads whether or not the technology needs it,” says John Dawson.

“We now need a full survey of the quality of road signs and markings to measure the real-world variation in signing and marking across borders and define the working tolerances that are acceptable.”

Note to editors:

Roads that Cars can Read is a Consultation Document which is seeking the views of road users, road authorities and the motor industry across Europe. The paper will be discussed as a workshop taking place in Windsor on 30th June 2011 with participants from all groups involved.

For further media information:

Marie Brasseur, Euro NCAP Communications Manager or +32 2 4007746
EuroRAP: David Armstrong or Becky Hadley Hadstrong +44 20 7808 7997

Buying a Car: Pay With Cash If You Can

With all of the options to consider, it can be a hassle to buy a car. Do you know which features you need or how to negotiate for a better price? The article below can help you make good car buying decisions. There are many car care products out in the market that claims to protect your cars paint, in my experience in Australia lots of my friends told me that paint protection Melbourne painters are really good in choosing the best products.

Do not let a salesperson sell you a vehicle you can’t honestly afford. A salesperson will say anything and everything to get someone in a new vehicle, and the higher the price tag, the higher commission he will earn. You need to be aware that this salesperson is looking to make money through a commission, as well.

Look online for a great deal. You shouldn’t visit the dealership until you know precisely which make and model you desire. Do online research to find out the specifications and rating that are important to you.

Do your research online in order to find the best deals. The Internet will save you a lot of money. You have a couple choices. You can drive to the dealer to buy the car you find, or ask the dealer to buy the car for you. If the dealership is close by, try going to save more money.

Arrange car financing prior to buying a car. Credit unions and banks are good options. This often provides you with a much better interest rate, and you can visit the dealership with a solid idea of what you can afford.

Ask to have the car looked at by your personal mechanic before you purchase it from a dealer. A dealer that doesn’t allow this is a red flag. A mechanic will help you identify issues and recognize signs of a wreck if you are purchasing a used car.

As family and friends for opinions. How do they like the cars they own? Are they regretting their vehicle purchase? What things are they hearing about different cars that are out there? When you’re looking for a vehicle, this is one way for you to figure out where you can go in your search for a new or used car.

Safety features are a must when car shopping. The car should have ABS or anti-lock brakes. You also want to make sure there are air bags, and the more the better. Safety is key when you’ll be driving a lot.

Salesmen typically have goals they must reach every month. That is why you want to shop at the end of the month. Salesmen who are missing a few sales will give you a great deal to meet the quota. This additional pressure will help give you a little more room for lowering the asking price.

Car shopping can be both exciting and exhausting. With a few mouse clicks and searches, you can comparison shop to find your best options without even leaving your house. There are several online sites that consolidate information from various private owners and dealerships so that you can conduct a side-by-side comparison shopping of different vehicles and their amenities and asking price. Using this technique will save you both money and time.

An auto show is a great way to understand the type of car that you desire. Auto shows are a unique opportunity to compare many different makes side-by-side under one roof. You can also talk to people who know a lot about cars. This will give you valuable information that you will need to make your decision.

Prior to shopping for a car, take a look at your budget. You must know how much you can afford for a car. Find out how much you’re able to spend on car payments monthly. You should get a loan before starting the shopping process.

Be careful about giving up your personal information. Some dealerships want this information so they can ruin your credit. Running your credit multiple times is disadvantageous. Do not allow anyone to pull your credit until you have hammered out your deal.

Although you have a mental picture of the car you desire, it might be unattainable. You might not be able to afford what you want at the dealer; shop around! The absence of heated seats will not detract from your driving experience.

Know your purchasing price before you drive to the dealership. This number should reflect the amount you want to spend and the value of whatever car you want to buy.

Make sure that the car you purchase has been inspected fully. The mechanic should be trustworthy. Stay away from the dealer’s mechanic. Your mechanic can tell you if it is safe and if the car is worth your dollar.

Always read before you put down your John Hancock. You will have to sign a contract at the dealership, and you should read it carefully. Your signature binds you legally, meaning you’ll have to pay or suffer severe consequences. If you do not want to be rushed while reading your contracts, ask if you can take things home to read in peace. If you cannot do this, get a copy of the agreement.

At this point, you should know what to look for when purchasing a new vehicle. Just get out there and start researching. Buy when you’re comfortable to ensure a great purchase.

Wax Cleaners and Exterior Care Products for Cars

In addition to a home, a car is one of the most pricey products that individuals will certainly buy in their lifetime. This is a requirement that you can easily not live without, but routine car servicing is similarly important, as it can not just expand your car’s life, but can additionally assist you in minimizing gas and frequent repair work prices as well. People who are meticulous in their car looks are also wise in choosing the best car products.

According to a current report of the consumer guard dog Car Care Counsel, the overall cost of car collisions as a result of inadequate maintenance now surpasses $3.7 billion yearly. Though you could have the ability to stay clear of accidents, but any sort of problem in routine car servicing can shorten its life. With normal maintenance, you can not only reduce its gas usage, yet additionally unneeded wear and tear of parts. Whole lots of points such radiator issues, brake, failed smoke tests, brake transmission as well as engine failure can develop in the absence of routine car servicing.

Routine engine oil adjustment (every 3000 miles) is essential for keeping your engine running tidy. Oil lubes your engine and keeps it running efficiently. Steering a car that is reasonable on engine oil can easily induce irrecoverable damages to its engine. Besides this, changing oil filter at the exact same time when transforming engine oil can easily enhance its performance as well as helps in deleting the clutter that is accumulated in the oil filer.

Car tires must be next on your maintenance checklist. They ought to be spun every 5000 miles to equalize damage on each one of them. You ought to try to keep effective tire stress whatsoever times. In situation you are unsure concerning correct car tire pressure, you must refer to owner’s manual. Appropriate tire tension gives you much better gar gas mileage and assists in sparing great cash.
You should likewise get your brake unit evaluated on annual basis irrespective of the miles you’ve applied your car. Brake fluid must be transformed every 2 years. Throughout car brake inspection, brake footwear and disk pads are likewise checked for any deterioration. Along with routine upkeep, you can easily stay clear of additional expenses such as rotor or brake drum replacement that may set you back 2 to 3 times greater than footwear / or pads.

Lastly, change engine ignition system and filters to steer clear of failed emission examinations called for by the DMV. This not only keeps your car engine tidy, however can easily also enhance your chances of passing smoke examinations quickly.

Car Troubles? No Need To Fret, Take Action!

It can be expensive to repair a car. Labor and parts aren’t cheap. It would be wonderful if you could do all these repairs on your own, without the need of an auto shop? The hints below can help.

Keep a good battery charger in your car. Having a dead battery can leave you stranded in some pretty terrible places. It is important to not only have the battery charger but to know how it works as well in case you are alone. Our company car paint protection in Melbourne is all about protecting your vehicles precious paint finish from stone chips, scrapes and abrasion.

If you plan to take your car to the shop, do not leave anything inside the car. Mechanics might have to empty the inside of your vehicle and they cannot be held responsible if an item is damaged or missing. Everything needs to be taken out of your trunk too.

If you think your headlines are not as bright as usual, inspect them for cleanliness. Sometimes there is a residue that covers them from the streets and that can make them dirty so they cannot put out enough light. Wash them with a good glass cleaner and see as well as you should.

You should make sure to have a spare tire and jack with you all the time. Most vehicles come with them, but you want to check anyway. You wouldn’t want to get a simple flat and have to shell out lots of money to a tow truck. Changing your tire is a simple process that can save you an expensive visit from an auto service club.

Keep a repair kit in the car at all times. You need to have tools to change a tire, which have come along with your car. A good lug wrench and jack are key. You should have a Phillips and flat head screwdriver and several types of wrenches. Never buy really cheap tools. Invest in quality tools that will not break as you perform repairs on your vehicle.

You can save yourself a great deal of money by repairing your burnt out head or tail lights yourself. It’s easier to do in some cars, but it’s more cost effective than hiring a mechanic. Find out if anyone in your family can do it and could pass along their knowledge to you.

Know when your oil needs changing. Look at your car’s manual to see when the manufacturer recommends oil changes. It can vary a bit between different vehicles and cars go much longer between oil changes than they used to. But you must do them when recommended.

Find out a little about the car parts you need before you go to a mechanic. Know the difference between rebuilt and reconditioned, new, and salvage parts. New parts just mean that they are designed according to the specifications of the manufacturer. Parts that are rebuilt, reconditioned, and re-manufactured have been restored to good condition. “Salvage” parts have been used without being improved or repaired.

You should always get a good warranty when investing in new expensive parts. Ask the mechanic about any warranties on parts they ordered for you. Ask about warranty length and and acquire a printed version for your reference.

Most people do not read their owner’s manual. It is wise to at least give this manual a cursory look so you can quickly locate useful information. After reading this manual, you can perform a lot of repairs yourself.

OEM is the Manufacturer’s Original Equipment. This is good to know when you are dealing with mechanical issues and parts. When you tell your mechanic that OEM parts are what you want, you sound like you have some knowledge. It is not as likely that a technician will attempt to put used parts upon your automobile.

Consistency is key in the auto repair world. Stick with a shop that has gained your trust instead of going around to various ones for work. Different mechanics might tell you something else is wrong with your vehicle. Many shops may charge more money and may not do a better job.

If your car is making sounds, take it into the shop. Noises can be a great indicator of problems your car is having. If possible, describe the sounds you noticed to your mechanic so they can quickly diagnose the issue.

Ask many questions of your mechanic. Go beyond price to truly understanding the work he plans to do. How long will it take? Ask questions about the work being performed and why it is needed. How much do parts cost? Ask any other questions you have. This will show them that you know what you’re taking about and can also help you to know what to get done if this happens again to you.

Every car needs repairs some time. That is not to say that you must have a mechanic perform the work. The money you save could be used to pay for parts when you do your own repairs. These tips can help you try it.

Stay Ahead Of The Pack With This Car Shopping Advice

So, are you thinking of getting a new car? That is great, but do you know how many mistakes you can make while buying a car? The article that follows shares information you need when you are ready to purchase a new car. The new game changer in auto detailing industry that makes detailing simple is the HD Car care.

Prior to stepping foot in a dealership, obtain a car loan. Checking your credit and finding a lender is what takes the bulk of your time on a car lot. If you already have a loan when you walk through the door, you will have a much faster transaction.

Take the time to research the dealer before you make any offer on a car. If you are familiar with their financing choices and trade-in policy in advance, you will negotiate from a stronger position. Also, reading their customer reviews may help you avoid losing money.

Take someone along to help you car shop. They can serve as a disinterested observer and can help you walk away if you are not getting a fair deal. This can be any relative, a co-worker or a friend.

Get the advice from trusted family and friends. Are they satisfied with their cars? Do they regret buying the one they have? What are they hearing in terms of cars they’d wish to have? When you are looking for a new vehicle, keeping your ear to the ground is a great way to do some starting research in your hunt.

Prior to purchasing a car, test drive it. Even if you once had the same exact vehicle, you have to be sure that this one works just as well. Sometimes, you may notice a defect that you did not anticipate.

If you own a fairly expensive car, avoid driving that car to the dealership when you are car shopping. This is especially important if you plan to trade in the vehicle. A salesperson may use this as grounds for rejecting any less-than-generous offer.

Take a potential winning vehicle for a spin before buying! You never know how the car is going to run, despite how it may look outside. Always take the time to test the equipment. There is no substitute for direct and personal testing. You may find the car doesn’t handle as you would like or isn’t as smooth as you expected.

Try to shop for your new vehicle towards month’s end. Typically, you can get the best deals around this time. When the month is nearly over, you can get a better deal, since your salesman may be trying to meet his quota.

Look at your budget before you start shopping. An automobile purchase can be pricey, so make sure that you have the necessary amount of money to obtain what you want. Allot a certain amount of money for car payments each and every month. Before looking at cars, you may want to shop around for a loan.

Don’t give out your SS number quickly. Many dealers will attempt to get this from you right away in order to run a credit check. If you don’t get a car purchased there, just getting that credit run by them may end up hurting you in the long run. You should work out a deal before you give out personal info.

Although you have your sights set on a specific vehicle, it may be unobtainable. Maybe you see cars with the features you enjoy, but there just aren’t any cars that have exactly what you want now. The absence of heated seats will not detract from your driving experience.

Your trade-in should be kept a secret. Do not disclose to others of your trade-in vehicle until an actual price has been negotiated for the car you are buying. If you reveal this information right away, the salesperson will use the trade-in as a discount on the final price instead of actually giving you an interesting deal.

Always make an effort to do research before getting a used car. The Internet is replete with useful resources about a car’s value. In order to find out the value of a car, use NADA or the Kelly Blue Book. If the car is priced higher than these sources have them priced, go somewhere else.

A salesperson is trying to earn a lot of money. This may seem obvious, but it can easily be lost when faced with a pro. Don’t let them tack on expensive things you don’t need. Even a bargain car can easily increase by hundreds, if not thousands, of dollars.

Wait a bit prior to purchasing brand new models of any car. If you want a while, you can get the car for less money. Wait a few months while the hype dies down, then go make your purchase.

Learn about the service departments of dealerships you are planning on visiting. Visit the service department and talk to some of their current customers. Call their department and ask for any advice you’ve found answers to in order to test them. Stick with a dealer that has educated staff on hand.

You should test drive the vehicles you are interested in. You can’t get a feel for the car if you don’t drive it. Push the car in as many ways as you can think before you sign any papers.

Like most things, vehicles also carry hidden costs. Fuel economy details, upkeep costs, and insurance costs are factors which can vary among different vehicles. Before parting with your hard-earned cash, make sure you investigate whether the vehicle has any higher than average costs, such as oil changing or replacement parts. These hidden costs can make a substantial difference in the total cost of owning the car.

Do not be fooled by low monthly payment quotes that mask an inflated overall cost. Getting distracted by a lower monthly payment is easy to do. Some people that sell cars try to take advantage of these things by offering lower monthly rates that turn out to be more than the car is worth later. Carefully go over the contract before signing it to ensure that you are completely aware of all terms and conditions.

When purchasing a new car, there are some things you need to know. Your goal should be to first learn about the process before you rush out to purchase anything. Take some time to do things the right way. Have fun purchasing the correct car.

Nanotech in Automobiles: The Future

To comprehend just how nano paint innovation aids in auto defense, one has to have an understanding of what nanotechnology is. Generally, nanotechnology includes fragments that go to a lot of 100 manometers, fragments so little that they can do things formerly thought difficult. The only evidence that breakthrough paint protection is durable from all other products is by reading some reviews online.

One of the locations where nanotechnology is being made use of is in the manufacturing of automobile paints that assist in auto defense. Actually, auto paints made with nano paint technology protect automobiles in methods that ordinary vehicle paints never can. Much more particularly, nano paint modern technology protects a vehicle’s paint from both natural environments and manufactured products that could harm it.

Actually, nanotechnology has actually been so advanced in the auto sector that a confidential automobile paint professional once claimed, “The introduction of nano paint technology is like having a dike leak that can’t be secured due to the fact that all the readily available corks are as well big, then a piece of cork small sufficient to seal the hole merely flawlessly is obtained. That’s just what nano paint innovation did. It enabled us to fix issues with auto paints that were previously thought to be unsolvable.”.

What is it specifically that makes nano paints so extraordinary? When nano paint reaches contact with a car’s area, it forms an incredibly strict bond, a bond tighter compared to the best bonds that normal paints can ever obtain. Exactly what enables nano paint modern technology to complete this is the truth that the areas of automobiles are actually never ever actually flawlessly smooth and flat no matter exactly how well vehicle manufacturers try to make them. In fact, checked out under a microscope, the surfaces of vehicles really consist of pits and valleys that regular car paints could never wish to reach into.

On the other hand, nano paint could reach into the pits and valleys located on auto surface areas and hold the remainder of an auto’s area more effectively, thus developing a tighter link between the bits of the paint and the fragments of the vehicle’s area. Then, nano paint comes to be much less most likely to be knocked off by any rough product, such as little pebbles or stones, that may enter contact with a vehicle’s surface while the vehicle is being driven. In addition, nano paints are much more insusceptible to damages that can be triggered by detergents, chemicals, and abrasives that are usually made use of in washing autos.

Mercedez-Benz was the initial car maker to utilize nano paint technology in 2003, allowing the brand to present to the marketplace a new scratch-resistant and chemical-resistant clear coat having ceramic particles that each step a millionth of a millimeter. When a vehicle is painted making use of nano paint modern technology, these ceramic nano-particles find themselves drifting around openly in the paint. Then, when the physical body of the automobile is oven cooked at 140 levels Celsius as part of the painting process, the nano-particles make a dense network as opposed to the long molecular chains conventional paints form. This dense network, in turn, allows the lacquer to supply even more reliable protection from scratches and regular wear and tear.

As a matter of fact, when Mercedes-Benz checked their nano-particle clear coats, it was found that their nano paint was 40 percent much more able to remain free of fine scratches than average clear coats, hence allowing the automobile to retain its gloss for longer periods of time.

Undoubtedly, as nano paint innovation continuous lies create, vehicle owners will enjoy the perks of much better and much better vehicle security from the paint on their autos.

Are Professional House Cleaning Services Really Worth Your Hard Earned Money?

House cleaning is very important. It is however a challenge to have the house cleaning conducted effectively so that every section of the house can be adequately clean. Effective house cleaning ensures that the house is properly cleaned at all times. Every section of the house deserves to be cleaned. If you stay in a clean house, you will be sure to have good health as you will be able to escape the dangers caused by germs to your health. During house cleaning, it is important to note that every bit of the house cleaning requires special treatment. Different materials in the house are cleaned using different house cleaning methods. It is also an important to know that different house cleaning chemicals are also suitable for cleaning different materials and surfaces in the home. In this way, you will be able to maintain the life of your house hold items.

When I first joined Ev as he started a house cleaning business I had no idea what I was getting into, but I loved the idea of working for myself. Two things were bothering me a little. First, I was concerned with job security. Second, I secretly doubted my basic cleaning skills. Cleaning had always seemed like drudgery and I wondered if my skills were up to par with the pros. Ev guaranteed that cleaning would give me time to spend the way I wanted. I was ready to take a leap of faith, so I decided to try it.

Because of the increase in demand for professional house cleaning, prices have come down too as competition among rival companies gives householder more choices and better value for money. There’s a lot of money to be made in professional home cleaning, or any cleaning services come to that. Ever heard the saying ‘Where there’s muck there’s money?

You can have a house cleaning service come clean for you once or twice weekly if you cannot afford a daily house cleaning. This will provide you with time to do the daily chores such as doing the dishes and laundry, while you allow the house cleaning service to do the larger more complex chores.

Baseboards and ceiling fans are often over looked by house keepers. Both of these items tend to collect dust over time. Baseboards are easily missed however they take very little time to clean. Just a quick wipe whit a damp rag as your house cleaner is vacuuming will do the trick. If the baseboards are wood, then the house cleaner should take the time to polish them once a month or so. This will keep them looking nice and shiny. Ceiling fans are easy to keep up with once they have been thoroughly cleaned. A feather duster usually does the trick for weekly cleaning.

Why do you clean your house, aside from health concerns? Because a clean house is a possible reflection of your good qualities as a person or individual. If your home is maintained organized and clean, then people would have the impression that as the owner of that house, is also clean and organized. Most of the time, some people refuse to have visitors because they feel that the status of their homes are not suitable for visits. If a professional home cleaning service is hired, you will be ensured that no matter how many people visit you or take a look inside your house at whatever time, you will always have a clean home to accommodate them.

A house cleaning company is the best firm to contact if one is in need of some quality housekeeping or maid services. Here are some reasons why one should take the action of contracting this type of company.

Many people go into house cleaning business because they are not satisfied with their current job. They think that going into a business will be easy because they think that cleaning houses is easy. The truth is if you are not used to cleaning your own house then you might need to research on how to clean houses of other people. This article will provide some tips on how to succeed in your job as a house cleaner.

House cleaning jobs are for people who know how to clean professionally and who has enough knowledge to clean other people’s houses. People who want to enter into this industry must do research regarding some aspects to do with house cleaning. If you want to enter this job profession then you must know what kind of house cleaning job you would want to do.

What Makes A Good Bathroom Extractor Fan?

 

The single most important aspect of an extractor fan is, of course how much air it sucks out of the bathroom. Known as the ‘extraction rate’ the amount of air actually moved is described using two units of measure: metres cubed an hour (m3/hr) or Litres per second (L/s).

Now I’m not saying manufacturers deliberately make it difficult for end users to assess the relative power of different extractor fans, but they certainly don’t make it easy either! Some quote extraction rates using m3/hr while others uses L/s. Very rarely, unfortunately, do they quote both, making it difficult to compare models.

In order to convert the numbers, simply multiply m3/hr x 0.277.

There is a fairly complex calculation using the volumetric capacity of a room and number of ‘air changes per hour’ which will give you the exact ‘required’ extraction rate. However, in the real world this is rarely necessary and as a pretty good rule of thumb, for an average sized domestic bathroom you should be looking for an extractor fan offering at least 21L/s or 75m3/hr.

However, the better extractor fans now available offer 26L/s or 95m3/hr. For the small premium that these fans attract, the higher extraction rate is definitely worth it, clearing steam from the bathroom much more quickly. If a manufacturer or reseller does not make the extraction rate readily available don’t buy it – it’s being hidden for a reason.

Install the correct bathroom fan for the situation

This may sound obvious but it is amazing how often an extractor fan is asked to do a job it wasn’t designed to do. The most common problem is that of the fan being ducted over too long a distance. Long duct runs are a problem for extractor fans, as air pressure increases with every centimetre of ducting. Air pressure acts as an invisible barrier to the air being pushed along the duct – the longer the duct run, the greater the air pressure, the greater the resistance.

Standard axial fans should be ducted no further than four or five metres and the duct run should be kept as straight as possible because bends and kinks increase the air pressure and resistance. Any further than 5m – and a lot less if the fan is not particularly powerful (80m3/hr) in the first place, then the extractor fan will simply cease to work – the vented air will back up in the ducting and steam will remain in the bathroom.

If your installation requires a longer duct run you must use a centrifugal fan. The impeller design of centrifugal fans is such that they generate much greater air pressure. They also tend to be more powerful – the average four inch centrifugal fan vents at around 110m3/hr (compared to 95m3/hr for a top end axial fan). It may be said that centrifugal fans blow as hard as they suck!

Always, always have your bathroom fan installed by a Fully Qualified Electrician

This doesn’t need too much explanation, but it’s worth elaborating a little. We found that in 97% of cases where an extractor fan was deemed to be faulty or not working correctly it had been installed by the home owner (or friend/father/son etc etc) and not by a qualified professional.

In my humble opinion this is fairly conclusive but let’s consider something way more important – Electricity, whether delivered at 240v or 110v is potentially lethal – it can kill you. Incorrectly installing an electrical item is extremely dangerous both for the unqualified installer and *anybody* who thereafter uses the device. Any danger is multiplied ten-fold in the bathroom where water is present.

In short: always, always have your bathroom extractor fan installed by a Fully Qualified Electrician.

Cleaning Grout Between Tiles – Floors, Bathroom, Shower, Kitchen

Grout that gets dirty, grimy, or has any build-up of black, brown or gray mildew or mold can be very unsightly and embarrassing. It can be very hard to clean between tiles properly because grout is porous and it’s hard to get into the small spaces to scrub it clean.

Standard bathroom and kitchen sprays often won’t clean it properly, despite a lot of scrubbing. White and gray-colored grout with dark tiles can be a nightmare, as any discoloration really shows. It makes the entire bathroom, shower recess, or kitchen look grimly and neglected.

This article reviews your options — including natural and relatively mild home remedies using natural ingredients. It also includes bleach cleaners for stubborn stains, heavy mold and mildew build-up, and resistant black marks.

Your tiles may be dirty and stained for a whole host of reasons and it pays to have some alternative weapons in your arsenal for fighting against dirty and discolored grout.

Once it has been cleaned, it pays to clean it regularly as a preventative measure. Regular spraying with lemon juice, vinegar, or alcohol keeps mold and mildew at bay. Always quickly clean up any spillages of liquids and foods that can stain — such as curry, coffee and red wines. Treating the areas when wet makes the stain much easier to remove.

This article provides tips for routine regular cleaning to keep your lines clean and sparkling.

Best Methods

Baking Soda and Water

  • Add a little baking soda to some water and make a thick paste.
  • Use the toothbrush to apply the baking soda paste to the grout, and rub vigorously.
  • For deep stains, leave the paste on and scrub again.
  • Redo areas that remain stained, and use a little lemon juice to remove the last residues.

Vinegar, and Baking Soda and Vinegar

This is the best way if you want to avoid using harsh chemicals.

  1. Add some white vinegar to a spray bottle.
  2. Sprinkle the baking soda along the grout lines.
  3. Spray with vinegar and while the baking soda is fizzing scrub with an old toothbrush. The alkaline baking soda reacts strongly with the acid vinegar to produce a powerful fizzing bleach action.
  4. Wipe the grout with a damp sponge.

Hydrogen Peroxide

  1. Mix about a cup of hydrogen peroxide with two cups of warm water. Add to a spray bottle.
  2. Thoroughly spray the stained areas to wet with the peroxide and leave on for about 5-10 minutes.
  3. Use an old toothbrush dipped in the peroxide mixture to scrub along the grout lines to remove the last remnants.

Lemon Juice

Fresh lemon juice is a strong acid and bleach.

  • Simply squeeze some fresh lemon juice and pour along the grout lines. Leave for about ten minutes.

This will clean any dark marks or stains in the grout line. Citric acid works in a similar fashion.

Alcohol

Stained grout caused by mildew and be cleaned with rubbing alcohol added to a spray bottle.

  • Simply spray the shower tiles with alcohol. The alcohol kills the mildew and removes the stain.

Bleach and Baking Soda

This combines two powerful cleaning actions.

  1. Make a paste by combining half a cup of bleach with one and a half cups of baking soda.
  2. Scrub with an old toothbrush.
  3. Let it sit on the grout for about ten minutes, then remove it with a cloth and hot water.

Chlorine Bleach

  1. Dilute following the manufacturers instructions.
  2. Add to a spray bottle and soak the grout lines.
  3. Leave on for 5 -10 minutes and then rinse off.

Oxygen Bleach (Powdered version of OxiClean)

This bleach is non-toxic, does not produce any fumes, and is safe for fabrics and colors, unlike many stringer bleaches.

  1. To clean floor tile grout, mix the recommended amount of oxygen bleach with some warm water and mix to dissolve.
  2. Pour the solution onto the floor tile and spread out so that the lines are filled with the bleach solution. Leave the solution on the grout for least 15 minutes (30 minutes or longer for bad stains).
  3. Scrub the stained areas lightly get rid of any residue, adding more solution as required.
  4. Once the grout is clean you can add a little bleach to the mop water every time you clean.

Always clean any food, wine or coffee spillages up quickly before it has time to satin the grout.

Grout Cleaning Machines, High Pressure Sprays, Steam Cleaners

For badly stained floor tiles, you may need to hire a special purpose grout cleaning machine that using high pressure sprays of steam cleaning. Special chemicals enhance the power of the machines to remove stains.