Make sure to keep yourself covered, if you do employ these money saving tips as suggested in the video above. And by covered I mean, employ yourself and independent building inspector to carry out a certified building inspection report, so that when the time comes to sell you property, your buyer will have the peace of mind knowing that even though you employed some cost saving methods to construct your home, you didn’t cut corners when it came to doing things properly.
The way a building inspector can help you to save money in the long run, is to inspect any work done by contractors or owner builders, who to the untrained eye may have done things incorrectly in order to save themselves some money on materials or processes.
If you are in the Melbourne area, then New Building Inspectors, are your first choice for a qualified builder to provide you with an independent building inspections report.
And once the house is complete you are going to want to celebrate. After all that blood sweat and tears, the new house is now ready to be enjoyed and what better way to do that than to entertain your friends and family.
After the hard work that everyone has contributed to the project it is only fitting that they get to join in on the celebrations too. You can invite the builders, bricklayers, landscapers, interior decorators – in fact invite anyone who has put in their best effort to make your new home the best it could be. You never know when you are going to want to have them come back and do some more work or fix up any mistakes that may eventuate after the warranty period may be over. If you have returned kind with kind, you will be in a better negotiation spot to get them back to do the work for little or no cost to you. Celebrate getting the key to the door at one of these great 21st birthday venues Melbourne all available for hire or reservation.
Make sure you take all the hard work out of the event and hire a quality catering company to handle the food preparation and service of the guests. You know you don’t save much money by trying to do this yourself and it just adds to the enjoyment level when someone else is responsible for the cooking and looking after the mess once the party is over. Companies that can handle corporate events and cocktail parties, such as Chilterns Catering are the people you need to call first.
So whatever you decide to do, just make sure that everyone has a good time at your house warming party.
In keeping with most districts of healthcare, the marketplace has seen a boom in the construction of Behavioral Healthcare facilities. Contributing to this increase is the paradigm shift in the way society views mental illness. Society is placing a heavier value on the need to treat people with serious addictions such as alcohol, prescription and elicit drugs. A large percentage of people suffering from behavioral disorders are afflicted with both mental and addictive behaviors, and most will re-enter communities and either become contributors or violators.
These very specialized facilities do not typically yield the attention from today’s top healthcare designers and their quantity accounts for a small fraction of healthcare construction. However, Behavioral Healthcare projects are increasing in number and are being designed by some very prominent architectural firms such as Cannon Design and Architecture Plus. Many are creating state-of-the-art, award-winning contemporary facilities that defy what most of us believe Behavioral Healthcare design to be.
Changing the Way We Design Behavioral Healthcare Facilities
As with all good planners and designers, A+D (along with facility experts) are reviewing the direct needs of patient and staff while reflecting on how new medicine and modern design can foster patient healing rates, reduce environmental stress, and increase safety. This is changing the face of treatment and outcome by giving the practitioner more time to treat because they require less time and resources to “manage” disruptive patient populations.
The face of Behavioral Healthcare is quickly changing. No longer are these facilities designed to warehouse patients indefinitely. And society’s expectations have changed. Patients are often treated with the belief that they can return to their community and be a contributor to society. According to the National Association of Psychiatric Health Systems (NAPHS), depending on the severity of illness, the average length of stay in a Behavioral Healthcare facility is only 9.6 days.
What has changed?
Jaques Laurence Black, AIA, president and principal of New York City-based daSILVA Architects, states that there are two primary reasons for the shortened admission period:
1. Introduction of modern psychotropic drugs that greatly speed recovery
2. Pressures from insurance companies to get patients out of expensive modes of care
To meet these challenges, healthcare professionals are finding it very difficult to effectively treat patients within the walls of antiquated, rapidly deteriorating mental facilities. A great percentage of these facilities were built between 1908 and 1928 and were designed for psychiatric needs that were principled in the belief to “store” not to “rehabilitate.”
Also impacting the need for Behavioral Healthcare construction is the reluctance of acute-care facilities to provide mental health level services for psychiatric or addiction patients. They recognize that patient groups suffering from behavioral disorders have unique health needs, all of which need to be handled and treated only by very experienced healthcare professionals. This patient population also requires a heightened level of security. Self-harm and injuring staff and other patients are major concerns.
The Report of the Surgeon General: “Epidemiology of Mental Illness” also reports that within a given year about 20% of Americans suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder and 5.4% suffer from a serious mental illness (SMI ) – defined as bipolar, panic, obsessive-compulsive, personality, and depression disorders and schizophrenia. It is also believed 6% of Americans suffer from addiction disorders, a statistic that is separate from individuals who suffer from both mental and addiction disorders. Within a given year it is believed that over one-quarter of America’s population warrants levels of mental clinical care. Even if these statistics were cut in half, it cannot be denied as a serious societal issue.
With a growing population, effectively designing in accordance with such measures is at the heart of public health.
Understanding the Complexity of Behavioral Healthcare Design
Therefore, like Corrections, leading planners and designers specializing in Behavioral Healthcare are delving deeper to better understand the complexity of issues and to be the activist to design facilities that promote treatment and healing – and a safer community.
The following is a list of key design variables that are being studied and implemented:
1. Right Sizing
2. Humanizing Materials and Color
3. Staff-Focused Amenities and Happiness
4. Security and Safety
5. Therapeutic Design Tenants
Today’s Behavioral Healthcare facilities are often one-story single buildings within a campus size. Often debated by Clients due to costs, this design preference is driven by the demand for natural light, window views to nature for all patient areas, and outdoor open-air gardens “wrapped” within. All of this provides soothing qualities to the patient, reduces their anxieties, counteracts disruptive conduct and helps to reduce staff stress.
“When you look at the program mix in these buildings, there’s a high demand for perimeter because there are a lot of rooms that need natural light. Offices, classrooms, dining areas, community rooms, and patient rooms all demand natural light, so you end up with a tremendous amount of exterior wall, and it forces the building to have a very large footprint.” – James Kent Muirhead, AIA, associate principal at Cannon Design in Baltimore
These design principles are also believed to improve staff work conditions. Unlike a multi-story complex, at any moment staff can walk outdoors and access nature, free from visual barriers, and within a building that more accurately reflects building types that both patients and staff would encounter in their communities.
In addition to right-sizing for the overall building footprint, is right-sizing for internal patient and staff support area. Similar to the move we have seen in Corrections to de-centralize support spaces, Behavioral Healthcare is moving to decentralized nursing/patient units called “neighborhoods.” With mental health facilities there is a large concern with distances and space adjacencies in relation to the patient room and patient support areas such as treatment and social spaces. Frank Pitts, AIA, FACHA, OAA president of Architecture Plus, Troy, NY, advocates neighborhoods that average 24-30 beds arranged in sub-clusters, called “houses”, of 8-10 beds. Thus, each neighborhood consists of three houses. Often these layouts will include a common area where patients congregate and socialize, with a separate quiet room so patients can elect to avoid active, crowded areas. In addition Pitts states, “There’s a move away from central dining facilities. So, while facilities will still have a central kitchen, it’s a whole lot easier moving food than it is patients.” However, it is important for the facility to mimic normal outside daily life routines, so patients are encouraged to frequently leave their neighborhoods to attend treatment sessions, and outdoor courtyards.
Humanizing Materials & Color
In all facilities that play a role in rehabilitation, design strives to create spaces that humanize, calm, and relax. Behavioral Healthcare patients need to feel that they are in familiar surroundings; therefore, the architectural vocabulary should feel comfortable and normal. Since these facilities are about rehabilitation (when possible) and encouraging patients to merge back into society, the facility should feel like an extension of the community. Their spaces should reflect the nature and architecture of the surrounding region and thus so, no two facilities should look too much alike.
“Our approach to designing these facilities is to view the facility as an extension of the community where patients will end up when they’re released. Interior finishes also depend on geography because you want to replicate the environment patients are used to. You want to de-stigmatize the facility as much as possible.” – Tim Rommel, AIA, ACHA, OAA, principal with Cannon Design in Buffalo, NY.
Therefore, materials and colors within these spaces want to feel familiar to one’s region and everyday life. To soothe the psyche and rehabilitate, they want to feel soft and comfortable, yet visually stimulating. An interior that is overly neutral or hard in appearance is not appropriate. Materials should reduce noise, and colors should lift the spirit. This can help to create an environment in which the patient can learn, socialize, and be productive while easing anxieties, delivering dignity, and modifying behavior. As stated previously, behavioral studies advise the use of softer interior materials-like carpeting, wood doors and tile. Doing so translates directly to both patient and staff well-being, particularly staff safety, and makes for a nicer place to work. In addition, staff have more resources to “treat” instead of manage heated situations. When staff experiences are eased and satisfied, morale is boosted and life-saving rules and policies are more likely to be enforced.
Staff-Focused Amenities & Happiness
While reducing staff stress and fatigue through a healing supportive environment seems like an obvious goal, there are relatively few studies that have dealt with this issue in any detail. More attention has been given to patient outcomes. However, many leading hospitals that have adopted therapeutic tenants into their newly built environments have seen vast improvement through their “business matrixes” and financial reporting.
In one example, the Mayo Clinic, a national leader in implementing healing design in its facilities, has reported a reduction of nursing turnover from a national annual average of 20% to an annual 3%-4%. In another example, when Bronson Methodist Hospital incorporated evidence-based design into its new 343-bed hospital, they cited their 19%-20% nurse turnover rate dramatically dropped to 5%.
Now, both the Mayo Clinic and Bronson Methodist Hospital have had to initiate a waiting list for nursing staff seeking positions. This converts to better-trained and qualified staff, and a reduced error rate. Therefore, more health facilities are investing in staff support areas such as lounges, changing rooms, and temporary sleep rooms. Within these staff spaces and in the hospital throughout, facilities are also recognizing the need for upgrade materials, better day lighting, and an interesting use of color: One soon realizes that the need of patients and staff are interwoven, each impacting positively or negatively the other.
Security & Safety
Without debate, self harm and harm to staff is one of the biggest concerns mental health facilities manage. Often the biggest safety and security concern is the damage patients can do to themselves. “There are three rules I had drummed in me,” says Mark Hanchar; Director of Preconstruction Services for Gilbane Building Company, Providence, R.I. “First, there can’t be any way for people to hang themselves. Second, there can be no way for them to create weapons. Third, you must eliminate things that can be thrown.” Hanchar says that the typical facility is, “a hospital with medium-security prison construction.” This means shatter proof glass, solid surface countertops (laminate can be peeled apart), stainless steel toilets and sinks (porcelain can shatter), push pull door latches and furniture that cannot be pulled apart and used as a weapon. These are just to name a few.
Additionally, removing barriers between patients and nursing staff is a safety consideration. Frank Pitts, AIA, FACHA, OAA president of Architecture Plus, says what may be counter-intuitive for safety precautions, “Glass walls around nursing stations just aggravate the patients.” Removing glass or lowering it at nursing stations so patients can feel a more human connection to nurses often calms patients. There is also discussion of removing nursing stations altogether; decentralizing and placing these care needs directly into the clinical neighborhoods and community spaces. Pitt says, “The view is that [nursing staff] need to be out there treating their patients.”
Therapeutic Design Tenants
As medicine is increasingly moving towards “evidence-based” medicine, where clinical choices are informed by research, healthcare design is increasingly guided by research linking the physical environment directly to patient and staff outcomes. Research teams from Texas A&M and Georgia Tech sifted through thousands of scientific articles and identified more than 600 – most from top peer-reviewed journals – to quantify how hospital design can play a direct role in clinical outcomes.
The research teams uncovered a large body of evidence that demonstrates design features such as increased day-lighting, access to nature, reduced noise and increased patient control helped reduce stress, improve sleep, and increase staff effectiveness – all of which promote healing rates and save facilities cost. Therefore, improving physical settings can be a critical tool in making hospitals more safe, more healing, and better places to work.
Today’s therapeutic spaces have been defined to excel in 3 categories:
1. Provide clinical excellence in the treatment of the body
2. Meet the psycho-social needs of patients, families, and staff
3. Produce measurable positive patient outcomes and staff effectiveness
Considering the cost of treating mental illness, which is exceedingly high, and wanting facilities to have effective outcomes, a further practice of incorporating therapeutic design is increasing. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIM H) approximated in 2008 that serious mental illnesses (SMI ), costs the nation $193 billion annually in lost wages. The indirect costs are impossible to estimate.
The estimated direct cost to clinically treat is approximately $70 billion annually and another $12 billion spent towards substance abuse disorders. In addition to the increased need of care and the boom in Behavioral Healthcare construction, it becomes an obligation to make certain that we as facility managers, architects, designers and manufacturers therapeutically plan and design these facilities.
Notably, in 2004, “The Role of the Physical Environment in the Hospital for the 21st Century: A Once-in-a-Lifetime Opportunity,” published by Roger Ulrich P.H.D., of Texas A&M University, was released. In a culmination of evidence-based research, research teams found five design principles that contributed significantly to achieving therapeutic design goals.
The report indicates five key factors that are essential for the psychological well-being of patients, families and staff, including:
1. Access to Nature
2. Provide Positive Distractions
3. Provide Social Support Spaces
4. Give a Sense of Control
5. Reduce or eliminate environmental stress
Access to Nature
Studies indicate that nature might have the most powerful impact to help patient outcomes and staff effectiveness. Nature can be literal or figurative – natural light, water walls, views to nature, large prints of botanicals and geography, materials that indicate nature and most importantly, stimulating color that evokes nature. Several studies strongly support that access to nature such as day-lighting and appropriate colorations can improve health outcomes such as depression, agitation, sleep, circadian rest-activity rhythms, as well as length of stay in demented patients and persons with seasonal affective disorders (SAD).
These and related studies continue to affirm the powerful impact of natural elements on patient recovery and stress reduction. Thus, it is clear that interior designs which integrate natural elements can create a more relaxing, therapeutic environment that benefits both patients and staff.
These are a small set of environmental features that provide the patient and family a positive diversion from “the difficult” and, in doing so, also negate an institutional feel. These can be views to nature, water walls, artwork, super imposed graphics, sculpture, music – and ideally all of these want to be focused on nature and, when applicable, an interesting use of color. Therapeutic environments that provide such patient-centered features can empower patients and families, but also increase their confidence in the facility and staff. This helps with open lines of communication between patient and caregiver.
Social Support Spaces
These are spaces designed partially for the patient but mainly for the comfort and socialization of family members and friends of the patient; therefore, family lounges, resource libraries, chapels, sleep rooms and consult rooms all play a role. When family and friends play a key role in a patient’s healing, these spaces encourage families to play an active role in the rehabilitation process.
Sense of Control
In times when patients and family feel out of control, it is very healing for the facility design and staff to provide it back when appropriate. Although, this cannot always be done suitably in mental healthcare facilities. However, when applicable, these design features include optional lighting choices, architectural way-finding, resource libraries, enhanced food menus, private patient rooms and
optional areas to reside in. A few well-appointed studies in psychiatric wards and nursing homes have found that optional choices of moveable seating in dining areas enhanced social interaction and improved eating disorders. When patients feel partially in control of their healing program and that the building features are focused to them, an increased confidence of the quality of care enters and tensions lower.
As with all therapeutic design, this allows the caregiver to use their resources healing in lieu of “managing” patient populations.
Reduce or Eliminate Environmental Stress
Noise level measurements show that hospital wards can be excessively noisy places resulting in negative effects on patient outcomes. The continuous background noise produced by medical equipment and staff voices often exceeds the level of a busy restaurant. Peak noise periods (shift changes, equipment alarms, paging systems, telephones, bedrails, trolleys, and certain medical equipment like portable xray machines are comparable to walking next to a busy highway when a motorcycle or large truck passes.
Several studies have focused on infants in NIC Us, finding that higher noise levels, for example, decrease oxygen saturation (increasing need for oxygen support therapy), elevate blood pressure, increase heart and respiration rate, and worsen sleep. Research on adults and children show that noise is a major cause of awakening and sleep loss.
Architectural design can assist in overcoming these types of obstacle. Whether you are designing a luxury home or care facility, there are certain design aspects that need to be considered. Overall comfort and a sense of peace, are able to be enhanced by a well designed environment. Considering Melbourne designed homes and prestige premises, one could draw the conclusion that choosing the right home builder is going to make all the difference.
In addition to worsening sleep, there is strong evidence that noise increases stress in adult patients, for example, heightening blood pressure and heart rate. Environmental surfaces in hospitals are usually hard and sound-reflecting, not sound-absorbing causing noise to travel down corridors and into patient rooms. Sounds tend to echo, overlap and linger longer.
Interventions that reduce noise have been found to improve sleep and reduce patient stress. Of these, the environmental or design interventions such as changing to sound-absorbing ceiling tiles, are more successful than organizational interventions like establishing “quiet hours.” White noise or noise reducing electronic devices can also help quieten a noisy environment.
Conclusion and Additional Information
The information contained in this excerpted report is intended as a guide for architects, specifiers, designers, facility planners, medical directors, procurers, psychologists and social workers which have a stake in providing improved facilities for behavioral healthcare patients. It is a portion of a report entitled “The Contributions of Color” authored by Tara Hill, of Little Fish Think Tank. Ms. Hill was commissioned by Norix Group Inc., in 2010 to research the role color plays in the safe operation of correctional facilities and behavioral health centers. More in-depth information specifically about the psychological influence of color and behavioral healthcare facility design can be found by reading the full report.
About the Author
Tara Hill is a full-scope, state registered interior designer, and the founder and principle of Little Fish Think Tank. Before founding Little Fish, Ms. Hill was an Associate + Senior Designer at HOK, and the Director of Interiors at Stanley, Beaman & Sears. She has implemented award-winning, innovative design solutions for commercial and institutional interiors.
Ms. Hill also has significant experience regarding the science and theory of color, both as a design tool and a promoter of healing. She has conducted extensive research in evidence-based design regarding color and its profound impact on the human spirit.
Prior to her work with Norix, Ms. Hill developed the Healing Colors Collection for Corian® solid surfaces, by Dupont®, for the healthcare environment. http://www.golittlefish.net
About Norix Group Inc.
For over 25 years, Norix has offered the most complete line of correctional furniture, for use throughout correctional facilities. With their extensive experience in providing secure furniture for prisons and jails, Norix is a trusted resource for every corrections application.
Norix also offers a vast array of furniture for several industries including behavioral healthcare, commercial, higher education, public safety, GSA and shelters. All furniture is designed for safety, security and extreme durability. Norix intensive-use furniture is extraordinary by design, surpassing industry standards for strength, safety and long-term performance.
Fineshinedetailing.com.au offers car paint protection Melbourne as a mobile service and can be done at your work, at home or wherever your car is stored. People generally apply the highest measure of protection for a particular object when either the thing is very costly or it is very close to their heart. Your car has both these qualities; it is your favourite and it is an expensive object too. Hence, you must consider applying some added protective measures to ensure its beauty for longer period. The use of Paint Protection can help you in this matter a lot. These Paint Protection Films or PPFs are specially developed to cover the entire car and protect the upper coat of the paint from any kind of damage.
Maintenance Is Tough
At a certain time you will see that your car does not look as gorgeous or attractive as it was in its first days. On the other hand, the owner of the car you want to keep it as neat and perfect as possible. But the fact is it is very difficult to maintain the paint and the shine of the car body for a long period. Every day, you car goes through different kinds of surface attacks that includes scratches created by contaminants which is an unavoidable part of owning a car. In most of the cases you cannot even see some scratches in the beginning until you feel that the shine and attraction of the vehicle’s body has gone and it starts looking dull, pale and damaged.
The Right Solution
Painting of the body of the vehicle is for making it beautiful, but to protect that paint you must have Car Paint Protection. This is a great invention in the automobile industry which makes it easier and smarter for the car owners to keep the paint protected from outside damage which can ruin its glow and shin easily.
How Does It Work
There is Opticoat paint protection and Suntek Paint Protection Film that can offer complete protection for your car from scratches made of dust and other sediments. They are hard wearing and ceramic clear coat for superior resistance to scratching. The protective films can also protect your car paint from chemical etching which can cause due to environmental impacts.
The latest coats available in the market cannot be washed off easily.
They stay for longer period to provide complete protection to the exterior of your car.
This type of coat is completely resistant to various acidic substances that are present in the environment, i.e. bird lime or bird droppings.
This type of products helps you in saving money by offering long life to your car’s paint.
While looking for the Best Car Detailing Paint Protection available in the market, you should do a little research. Know where you can get the right PPF for your car. There are many websites that sell such products. Some manufacturers also have their online stores for their clients. You should understand the material they use and the process they apply to install those protection films on your car.
This is a kind of Paint Protection that only offers protection but improves the overall look of the car instantly. Hence, most of the car owners cannot say NO to this one and buy the most popular PPF from the market.
Digital signage Sydney makes it easy for any business to showcase their products, services or any other content to help them stand out and interact with more customers. Through this, you can attract more and more customers and many of them will get influenced to use your product and to avail your services.
Digital Signage provides the most supple signs in the world. From single large screens to multi-screen video walls, independent kiosks, bookshelf displays and tablet devices, you can choose one or any combination to meet your needs, and offer a variety of shapes and sizes.
Digital signage solutions are used by most business owners, which gives them an advantage over competitors. Digital signage has many different benefits for your business and can help you achieve greater success in the industry. By being more creative you can leave your competitors behind and can proceed in your business with more customers’ traffic to your business website.
If still, you are thinking that- Why Should a Business, uses Digital Signage Systems? Then here in this article, you will know about the benefits of digital signage–
Different range of the article and items you can show to your customer at a time. For example- a restaurant can use the service of the digital signage for to showcase their menu so that their customers can see the menu and items from their seats and from far.
It is an impressive and attractive means to keep people and customers engage, as in today’s time people like to see things that are easy to access and something out of the box. This tends to engage more customer, you can display videos something to give the information so that you can easily interact with your customers easily and through this, your customers can be impressed by you.
In order to increase awareness and sales, it can be used as a tool to interact with audiences through an entertainment medium. In the waiting area of the airport or the train station area place the display signage to communicate with customers, it will the best option for attracting people. It can also be used as a medium for employees, such as internal communications, conference rooms.
Updating and arranging content is fast and easy at any time (even immediately) – you have complete control.
It can be used as a platform for presentations. For example, a construction company can set up slides so potential customers can see some of the projects they have completed. People tend to think of peers recommending advertisements and show that your work for others will help promote your brand and increase your trust in your service.
Car detailing companies always involves improving, waxing and cleaning of a vehicle internally as well as externally to improve it’s resale value. Diesel engines have come a long way since the days when Rudolph Diesel ran his first engine on peanut oil, and although the bare bones of the internal engine design have remained faithful to their original roots, the technology has evolved over the decades to incorporate many precision parts, and external sensors and its fair to say that its these additions which cause the most problems and require the most maintenance. Although a diesel engine block is just as robust as it always was and diesel engines are still capable of a lifetime of well over 300,000 miles with a high level of maintenance, the addition of more delicate components such as precision fuel pumps, turbo chargers, high pressure fuel rails and piezo injectors do require that it is well maintained and serviced on a regular basis.
The diesel engine of the mid to late 90’s was generally used in vehicles which were used on a regular basis, applications such as taxi’s and delivery vehicles covering a high mileage were ideal candidates for the longevity of the diesel engine and often these vehicles would cover well in excess of 400k or 500k miles on the same injectors and turbochargers. During the last ten years the diesel engine has increasingly found its way into general family vehicles thanks to changes in technology making the diesel engine far more refined, quiet and often offering performance close to its petrol driven variants. However, at the same time, diesel engines seem to be suffering from component failures and breakdowns far more frequently and prematurely than their earlier cousins used during the 1990’s.
One reason for this, could be the changes in oil & filter service changes. Back in the 1990’s early diesel engines required servicing on a 4000 – 6000 mile basis, and its fair to say that in return, these same engines often returned close to half a million miles largely using the same engine components as they left the factory with. In comparison, these days, we frequently hear of turbo charger failures on some modern vehicles at as little as 40k – 80k miles, could the oil service intervals play some role in these expensive failures?. I think it is possible, which is why I am writing this article.
Modern diesels have oil service intervals largely dictated by an on on board computer, generally these are referred to as extended oil service intervals, and, depending on driving style can be as far as 12k to 23k miles apart. Even using high specification synthetic oil, I personally believe that these long service intervals (marketed to appease fleet managers of company owned vehicles) are far too far apart for an engine which uses a Turbo Charger. The oil is the lifeblood of any diesel engine, and that same sump oil is used to both cool and lubricate the turbo charger bearings driving a high precision turbine which can spin at up to 150,000 rpm. Of course any small impurities or a drop in lubricating properties can cause wear and overheating of such a delicate part spinning at such a high speed. Upon examining many failed turbo chargers on relatively low mileage vehicles, I have found severe bearing wear leading to eventual failure which I can only attribute to oil quality. I have also seen several turbo chargers which have failed due to oil starvation caused by blockages in the oil feed tube due to sludge build up, which again is a sign of infrequent oil changes and something which rarely occurred in the Turbo diesels of yesteryear which had more regular service intervals.
So my first piece of advice, is that if you drive a Turbo Diesel engined car, that you ignore the service intervals shown on the on board computer and instead start your own service regime changing the engine oil and its filter at no more than 6000 – 7000 mile intervals, always use synthetic oil and make sure that your replacement engine oil is of the grade specified for your vehicle and is approved for use in your vehicle by the vehicle manufacturer. You don’t have to use the actual brand recommended by your vehicle manufacturer, just ensure that the oil which you buy is approved for use in your engine by the vehicle manufacturer. I use a brand called Total Quartz, which is approved for use my own personal vehicle and is very cost effective and is suitable for most cars. Some people may think that changing the oil so frequently is an unnecessary expense, however compared to the cost of replacing a turbo and reducing engine wear, it is actually a common sense bargain.
It is also important to change the air filter and fuel filter every 12k miles, as fuel and air flow is very important to a diesel engine, and some modern diesel can even cut out if the fuel flow is reduced due to a blocked fuel filter. Another weakness on modern diesel cars is the EGR Valve which is fitted to improve exhaust emissions and because it handles engine gases, it can easily become blocked with carbon deposits which cause it to malfunction. Cleaning the EGR is a little fiddly but can often be done by the DIY car mechanic and brake cleaner or Mr Muscle oven cleaner is often a good solvent with which to remove the carbon deposits. The EGR should be checked and cleaned (if required) every 35k miles or immediately if buying a second hand diesel car.
Some cars, such as diesel BMW’s also have a crankcase breather, which is a type of filter which can block and lead to a pressure build up, which in turn can lead to turbo wear and failure, these breathers should also be replaced at around 35k mile intervals. BMW have also recently improved the design of their crankcase breather, so owners of older vehicles should change their original crankcase breathers to the new version ASAP.
One of the biggest problems on newer diesel vehicles, is once again attributed to the ongoing demand for emissions improvement. Since 2008 it has been a legal requirement for European Diesel car manufacturers to include a diesel particulate filter (often called a DPF) on all diesel engined cars, this filter is mounted within the exhaust system and is basically a higher grade version of the catalytic converter, but is designed to trap the soot particles produced during diesel combustion. Basically, a small amount of a special additive is automatically injected into the fuel tank at each fuel fill, this additive helps to trap the soot particles in the DPF filter, thus reducing the vehicle soot emissions, and in the UK generally results in a lower vehicle tax band.
Unfortunately, DPF’s can eventually create a lot of expensive problems for their owners. The DPF’s are programmed by the vehicle computer system to ‘regenerate’ and basically burn off the accumulated soot at predetermined periods as decided by the vehicle on board computer. The regeneration is done by heating the internal honeycomb of the DPF to white hot temperatures which ignite and burn off the filtered soot deposits, essentially cleaning itself. Unfortunately this process can only be done during a fairly long drive, at high rev’s at motorway speeds. If a car fitted with a DPF is rarely used on a motorway, or the DPF regeneration process occurs during a time when the car is only used for short trips then it can fail to complete properly, potentially leading to the DPF becoming clogged or damaged which results in a warning light illuminating, requiring the owner to drive the car on a motorway for a distance just in order to trigger another regeneration attempt. Should the DPF continue to remain blocked, then a DPF replacement is required at a cost of £1000 – £2000. The additive which is injected into the fuel tank is stored in a separate tank or bladder bag, which will also eventually need refilling by a dealer and an ECU reset, usually at 60k – 80k intervals.
Diesel owners wishing to avoid the potential expense of DPF problems and its maintenance would be better choosing a diesel car manufactured before 2008 and which doesn’t have a DPF fitted, and this advice would also extend to those who only travel short distances or do not use motorways on a regular basis. Some car manufacturers such as Saab, BMW, Mercedes and Citroen opted to fit some models of their diesel vehicles with DPF’s before the 2008 deadline and others also included it as a factory option, so if buying a second hand diesel car, it is worth double checking whether a DPF has been fitted, even if it was built before 2008.
So, here is my personal servicing regime for my own diesel car, and this is what I would recommend to any diesel car owner.
6000 – 7000 mile intervals – Change Oil and Filter. Use only synthetic oil approved by the manufacturer and of the specified grade for your local conditions 12000 mile intervals – Change Air and Fuel Filter 35000 mile intervals – Check and Clean EGR Filter and replace Crankcase Breather Filter (if fitted)
Non of the above is especially expensive during the normal course of ownership and is certainly more cost effective than any issues or repairs which could be encountered due to poor levels of maintenance or the vehicle being neglected, so good maintenance pays for itself in the longer term. Costs can often be reduced by doing general servicing yourself, and genuine service parts can often be found at Motor Stores and even on eBay.
(Note to readers:- You may use this article on your own website, blog or forum, provided it is not altered or edited and the above recommended live website links are included)
plumbers and electricians possess, or pretend to possess, a skill most
of us lack. After all, if we knew how to fix a broken pipe or wire the
unfinished bonus room we wouldn’t need a good plumber or an electrician
in first place.
Our ignorance not only makes us desperate for
their services it also makes us vulnerable to their scams, cons, and
thievery-not to mention their plain old shoddy work. To make matters
worse, it’s usually an emergency that forces us to call a plumber or an
electrician. In our panic for their help, we tend to let our guard down
which makes us even more susceptible to their tricks and dirty tactics.
due to the nature of the business, it’s hard to prosecute a bad plumber
or electrician. If you’re lucky enough to find them after they’ve
swindled you out of your money, the plumber or electrician can usually
claim-and do so well within the law-that they did everything you asked
them to do; it’s their word against yours. In many cases the home owner
is left with no recourse while the plumber or electrician moves onto
their next victim.
REFERRAL MADNESS- Finding a good plumber or
electrician is difficult but not impossible. You probably already know
the first step of process: find a plumber or electrician via word of
mouth. Newspapers, phone books, and Web sites can be nothing but lies
and exaggerations, but referrals, well, they tell a much more accurate
story. Still, they are far from foolproof.
That’s why in order to
find yourself a competent plumber or electrician you’re going to have to
do more than just get a sound referral from a friend or colleague.
You’re going to have to do six other things as well. Those six things
are: research, put everything in writing, grow a backbone, be prepared,
watch them work, and be careful with your money.
THE RESEARCH IS
ON- Once you get a referral from a friend or trusted colleague it’s time
to go to work. First and foremost you need proof that the prospective
plumber or electrician has insurance, both worker’s compensation and
general liability. Don’t just take their word for it, call the insurance
company and get a Certificate of Insurance. Getting that certificate is
the most important thing you can do in your quest to acquire a good
plumber or electrician.
Next, you’re going to want at least a half
dozen references and you’re going to call them all. You will also want
to know all the professional associations they belong too. Next, take
some time to do some internet research. Google the plumber or the
electrician’s name to see what you can find. You’ve probably spent hours
on the internet researching that $50 MP3 player you use on the
treadmill. So why not do the same thorough research on the plumbers and
electricians that will be working on your home?
Once you’ve finished your homework and selected a plumber or
electrician, make sure you both sign a detailed contract. The document
should not only outline exactly what you want done but it should also
contain ground rules for working in your home (whether or not they can
listen to the radio, whether or not they can use your bathroom, stuff
like that). Obviously, you’ll have to be flexible if it’s an emergency,
but you should still have something in writing.
If the plumber or
electrician balks at the idea, or tries to talk you out of signing a
contract, then they have done you a big favor. They have just taken
themselves out of the running to be your plumber or electrician.
Professionals will gladly sign a detailed contract because they know it
benefits you just as much as it benefits them.
HANGING TOUGH- You
can’t tell it from watching the evening news and seeing the countless
horror stories about man’s inhumanity towards man, but most people in
the world want to avoid conflict. That’s great when everyone wants to
sing “Kumbaya,” but not so great when a plumber or electrician is trying
to cheat you out of your hard earned money.
In an effort to gain
your business, receive an early payout, or all-together get out of doing
the job, some disreputable plumbers and electricians will try to tug on
your heart strings. If that doesn’t work some will turn to threats. If
they tell you they have a sick child in the hospital or they need their
truck repaired don’t believe them. No professional would be that
forthcoming with their life’s story. If they make any sort of threat to
you or your home, you need to call the cops immediately. If you
eventually take the crooks to court you’ll want to show the judge that
police report of how they threatened you.
You don’t have to be
rude or impolite to a plumber or an electrician, you just have to be
tough if they try to pull one over on your. Being tough also helps when
it comes to getting exactly what you want. In addition to avoiding
conflict we also like to avoid hurting people’s feelings. However, when
it comes to plumbing and electrical work feelings be damned. Plumbers
and electricians aren’t in business to receive compliments and the warm
OPERATION PREPARATION- Quite often we need a plumber or
an electrician because of an emergency. That doesn’t negate the tips we
have previous laid out for you, but it does mean you need to be
prepared. Have a plumber and an electrician already picked out and ready
to call for when something bad (God forbid) does happens. Waiting until
a crisis and then hastily selecting a plumber or an electrician is
going to increase your chances of getting ripped off and/or getting
WATCH, LOOK, LISTEN- Sure you’re not a plumber or an
electrician, but that doesn’t mean you can’t keep an eye on what’s going
on. I’m not recommending that you hover over their shoulders but keep
tabs on their work, ask questions, and if applicable, take pictures at
various stages of the job. Remember that no one, not even the most
professional plumber or electrician, cares as much about your house as
IT’S ALL ABOUT THE BENJAMINS- Finally, you have to understand the golden rule when it comes to not only hiring a plumber or an electrician, but anyone that works on your home, and that is money controls the job. You’re going to have to pay them at some point, and you may even have to pay some of the money up front, but once you give them all the money you lose all control. Keep this is mind even when dealing with the most venerated plumbers and electricians. Pay in full only when the job is complete and to your satisfaction.
CONCLUSION- If you think I’m trying to turn you into a suspicious, untrusting, paranoid miser I do apologize. That is not my intent. However, we live in a world with unscrupulous people. It would be nice to take strangers at their word, just like it would be nice to leave our cars unlocked at night, but unfortunately we don’t have that luxury. Yes, hiring a good plumber or electrician is difficult and time consuming, but considering they will be working on your biggest investment, your home, a little distrust and paranoia is probably a good thing.
Aged care courses Sydney will teach students who have been delayed in stuyding. Most people already know that what they teach their children from a young age will certainly bear an impact on the individuals they will end up being later on. However, most people don’t realize how important it is to start educating their children academically from a young age.
A child who simply gets thrown into the education
system without any prior preparation will not only have some catching up
to do, he or she will also have motivational problems when it comes to
If you want your children to take a liking to
education, to easily progress through the school system while hungering
for more knowledge, then you will have to start educating them from a
young age. Contrary to what some people believe, early education is
about much more than simply giving children a head start once they get
The point of it is to adapt them to the process of
learning from a very young age so that they will not only absorb
knowledge easier and faster, but they will also feel motivated to do so.
How Should One Handle Early Childhood Education?
Well, unless you are a teacher or have experience educating very small children, you will probably require some assistance on this one. Luckily, there are various resources available to you such as parent support groups and websites that are there to help guide you through the process. However, even knowing how to teach your child is not enough; you need to know what to teach, and when to teach it… this is where early education programs come in.
Indeed, there are many different early education systems and programs that have been designed by experts to give your children a solid base of knowledge.
Naturally, your help and supervision will be required with those systems, but they basically cover what you need to teach and in which order… all you need to do now is find an approach which your child is going to like.
My Recommendation for an Early Childhood Education System
As I’ve always been a bit more old-school, my choice in this situation rests with a time-tested product that only keeps progressing further: Hooked on Phonics.
Some of you may even remember hearing about this brand many years ago, which is not surprising considering that a variety of Hooked on Phonics products have been released over the past couple of decades (since 1987).
When it comes to finding a trustworthy authority in the field of early education, Hooked on Phonics has always proven to be proper choice.
Many studies prove that permanent hair removal devices work by killing the hair follicle. When you have tattoo imprint on your body couple of years ago and now chose to dispose of the tattoo and have the tattoo off your body however have no clue on the best way to go about it, at that point you can beware of the ink removal creams that easily available which been discussion about by a great deal of people. Obviously, less difficult and not requiring surgery these are ending up more prominent in the realm of removals.
It isn’t another development to get the tattoo off the body.
As a fact, this technique been existed in this world for a considerable
length of time. There was time that the evacuation medicines were
involved uses of urea with acidic corrosive. This strategy is with the
utilization of either pigeon crap or chamber pot scum that mixed with
vinegar. Cantharidin (Spanish fly), a skin aggravation, blended with
sulphur and oil was likewise utilized.
There are individuals who
don’t need their tattoo to be seen that much, so they can take to
helping it to lighten it. A couple of individuals doesn’t care for the
tattoo plan and wish to get it off their body. Some simply wish to have
specific parts of the it to be obvious from their skin. The causes
behind taking off tattoo are so shifted and that show how unique people
can be, for some it’s a previous partner’s name and need to be
Tattoo Removal Creams
The tattoo removal cream attempts to gradually emphasis on the skin to split down and peel away. It basically is constraining the skin to age rashly and will gradually blur the tattoo far from diminishing layers of skin all the more quickly then they need to be normally shed. Obviously, the greater part of these creams include chemicals that are actually harming your skin and driving to split down and peel away before the ideal time. The vibe of applying this cream on your body resembles you are laying yourself on the sun for entire day and wind up getting a sunburn.
Despite the fact that this is the more affordable technique for disposing of your body tattoo however the synthetic ingredients perhaps cause some significant issues if not make a difference it appropriately at the time of the procedure. Relies upon the color of your tattoo, if it is too sharp then you may get a consuming vibe while applying the tattoo removal cream on your body and it will take a while for the pain to get over. All things considered, the cream is made out of acids. What’s more, it isn’t produced with any gentle materials, so you should utilize it by following the correct guideline.
Laser Surgery for tattoo Removal in Melbourne:
When you have decided that the tattoos on your body must be go off
completely, at that point you need to go for laser tattoo removal in
Melbourne. It will help to first consider helping the stamp before you
at long last freed it. There are numerous facilities like City of Ink
can enable you to mastermind such surgery and you too can simply seek
around to discover.
When you having question on the security of this laser removal strategy, what so you do? You can get the desired guidance from City of Ink website so as to get more information’s and most proficient less painful method of getting tattoo off your body. It empowers compelling tattoo removal with almost no further symptoms and side-effects.
When you are not ready to make sense of is there any ideal technique to have your tattoos to make tracks in an opposite direction from your body and having question whether you need to go for laser treatment? The appropriate response is yes. The laser innovation these days can complete the task of removing your body tattoo with small or no scar by any means. The laser tattoo removal treatment can take out horrendous tattoos that subsequent from injuries and also professional and amateur ones. Having tattoo off your body with the laser surgery is exceedingly viable particularly to remove the dark blue or black. The vast majority of the surgical system gave by tattoo removal Melbourne facilities can evacuate orange, red and green.
Some people do not understand how hazardous the waste from the company you worked for, these men from office rubbish removal Sydney risk their health to dispose the waste properly. When most people think about going green, they immediately imagine people dwelling in a camper and making their own clothes and growing their own food. Nevertheless, greener living can be attained without making such a radical shift in the way you live your life. There are still those who will take a plastic bottle or food tin and place it with their daily rubbish. The planet will be helped if you can simply take the time to keep the empty bottles and cans separate so they can be reused.
Things such as tin cans are just one part of this. I
would hazard a guess that you will see more recycling possibilities if
you go through your garbage more thoroughly. In terms of what can be
recycled, we are going to see what else might be appropriate even if
people are not fully aware of this.
To begin with, newspapers can
be recycled. Probably millions of people everyday get the daily
newspaper and when they are finished reading it, they just throw them
away. The fact that a newspaper can be recycled is oftentimes not even
thought of. The truth is that newspapers must be considered for
recycling because they are produced from paper. Recycling old newspapers
helps to preserve trees and it will make a huge difference if we make
the effort to do this. Newspapers are just a starting point here.
Recycling paper of any kind has to be considered rather than merely
discarding it. Cardboard boxes can also be put in the recycle bin
although in some instances this is not being done.
more thing many people forget ti recycle is their food containers.
Plastic containers such as ketchup bottles, mayonnaise containers and
even pickle jars can be recycled. In some cases, these types of things
are just going out with the normal trash. The fact that you can create
other products from recycled items such as this makes economic sense and
also earthfriendly. The air we breathe is going to be less polluted if
the things that we have recycled can be reused rather than having to
increase production to replace these.
In considering what else can be recycled, clothes tend to be dismissed in this respect. Clothes can be utilized for all kinds of other things. For one, there are now businesses that are taking unwanted clothing and recycling them into insulation for homes. As a consequence, old clothing is not finding its way to landfill sites and because of the cotton materials, this insulation is considered to be safe. It is worth remembering therefore that a torn shirt should not just be thrown away. There are numerous ways an old shirt can be utilized.
As for items that are recyclable, you need to appreciate that this includes metals, glass, paper and plastics. Which also means that just about everything you throw in to your garbage bin can be recycled. The impact on the environment would be significant if we all started recycling all of those things that can be used again. So if you want to start living a greener life, start recycling.
The challenge is preparing the car’s surfaces for coating using ceramic paint protection. There has been a lot of assumptions and discussions about clear bra in general. Hence, there is a need for such assumptions to be clarified. This article however does not intend to challenge or agree to certain discussions/forums but its goal is to help Atlanta car owners gain a deeper understanding of the clear bra. Surprising facts below aren’t necessarily obvious but often overlooked.
1. It originated from the Military
Clear bra bases its origin from the military during the Gulf war. The delicate helicopter blades were getting damaged occasionally and a proactive solution was needed to solve the problem. Hence, clear bra proved to be a creative and effective solution to this problem. The automobile industry later adopted this idea.
2. Clear bra is also known as Paint Protection Film
For those unfamiliar with clear bra – it is commonly referred to as paint protection film. These two are one and the same.
3. It is applied directly to the surface of the car paint
Just to be clear PPF is not a spray product. It is a thermoplastic urethane film that is installed on the surface of the car paint. The installation process is delicate hence get a professional who specializes in the field.
4. All films serve the same purpose
No matter the manufacturing brand, all clear bra serve the same purpose- protecting paint from damage. It offers paint protection against chips, scratches, bird droppings, rock debris just to mention a few.
5. All films are created differently
Even though paint protection films serve the same purpose, they are not created equally. They vary in hardness, high gloss finish, pattern and warranty from one brand to another. Therefore, it’s logical to get stiffer or higher gloss finish films than others.
6. The end results depends on the installer’s expertise
The installer plays an important role in clear bra installation. After installation, your car can roll out like a ‘newly purchased’ automobile or look like a flaky skin ready to be peeled off. A high quality film installed by an incompetent installer is useless. You could benefit a lot with someone who knows what they’re doing.
7. There is no impeccable film
All film brands have their share of triumphs and troubles. As much as every brand claims its clear bra to be the best in Atlanta, there is no such thing as perfect in this world. Pros and cons are always there which is normal. Even so, get PPF that works best for your car and offers great value for your money.
8. Petroleum based polish products should never be applied to the film
Any wax or plastic polish that contains petroleum distillates should not be used. It weakens the films and subjects it to serious undesirable effects. Paint protection does not necessarily need polishing/waxing but if you wish to, use products designed for automotive clear coat. It’s also important to note, only clear or white polish/wax are used.
When time is an issue, painting anything can be a real hassle. This is no different when attempting to paint a car. There are, however, a few things you can learn that will teach you how to paint a car faster than normal. If you do it at home, it is likely you can complete the job somewhat faster than a professional auto body shop, which has many different clients to attend to. Keep your vehicle in pristine condition with paint protection Adelaide.
You will first want to find a good online course that offers a DVD tutorial. I would recommend https://www.nanoshine.com.au/ as their course will teach you painting in the least amount of time. The course is easy to understand and covers every aspect of how to paint a car from you home garage. It also shows you example cars the author actually painted, illustrating the progression from old paint to new paint.
Now that you have an easily understandable and accessible course, you should decide which color you want to use. Deciding beforehand will decrease the time you spend in the auto body store. You should try to go to parking lots and notice cars driving down the street. Make note of the makes and models you find attractive on a piece of paper. With these notes in hand, go down to your local auto body store and ask the clerk to show you where these colors are located. Knowing them beforehand will allow the clerk to instantly find the colors you are in need of.
If time is a factor, you will also find that media blasting works better than hand sanding if you need to remove paint. https://www.nanoshine.com.au/ says that media blasting would be the ideal method of paint removal, if, for example, you were working on a small removable part from a vehicle. Media blasting is also a very efficient and effective way of removing paint and primer from a shell or chassis. Be cautious though as spending too much time in one area while media blasting can damage or warp the body.
Now these are just some of the tips on how to paint a car faster from https://www.nanoshine.com.au/. If you are serious about painting a car at home, quickly, and on a budget then I suggest you log on as soon as possible. Your paint job and your wallet will not regret it.
If you prefer to protect your paint over the long haul, then car paint protection are the way to go. Car detailing undoubtedly a most important for any car owner and it’s one of the best treatment to keep your looks sparkle, enhance the life of the car and maintained the resale value of your car. The process of car detailing incorporates exterior and interior detailing along with engine detailing. Every process of car detailing is important to maintain your vehicle. As time goes on the car started losing its shine, color of the car start looking faded. Also, your vehicle gets dirty inside and can accumulate bacteria on steering wheels, upholstery and dashboards of the vehicle.
Car detailing is as important as we clean ourselves and our home just to ensure that we and our family live in healthy environment. But, we should not forget that we and our family also spend a lot time in car as well and the bacteria or harmful germ always gather in the seats, dashboard and other accessories of your vehicle. To eliminate all this dirt and germs it’s important to clean your vehicle regularly. Cleaning your vehicle is not a once in a while task because the bacteria can accumulate in your car any time in any season.
It’s important to protect your car in different weather as different season harm your vehicle in a different ways.
Spring Season Detailing
The Spring season is the right time to protect your vehicle or prepare your vehicle for the summer season. Because this is the season when temperature start rising and the vehicle shine and color start impacting with the heat of the sun. It’s better to start protecting the shine of the vehicle before it starts damaging the polish, paint or wax due to high temperature of summer. If you ignore this time than may be it cost you more the reason that detailing may included with waxing clay barring treatment.
Summer Season Detailing
Summer season mainly harms your car polish and wax coating as it comes with higher temperature, but, it might be or may be harm your interior as well. The UV rays of the sun can fade the color the vehicle, especially if you own dark color. Regular car polishing and waxing can protect your vehicle with these problems. To stop your interior fading and cracking you can use best UV protective products available in the market or shop nearby you.
Fall Season Detailing
At the time of the Fall the
temperature is quite normal and you can use this season to add extra
protection to the outside of the vehicle. You can prepare for the winter
season as the winter season is the most damaging season for the car.
The ice storm can harm exterior badly. Multiple coats and waxes can be
used during this season it will help you to protect your vehicle in
Winter Season Detailing
This is the season when you need to give more attention to your car in terms of detailing or cleaning. If you already prepared your vehicle for the winter season with multiple coats and waxes then clean the vehicle as soon as you can to remove any build up of road salt. The longer road salt stay on the surface of the vehicle, it will damage the wax protection of your vehicle. And more importantly, if you saw the snow collected on your car surface do not contact directly with the car paint, always use hot water or any other safe heating products to remove snow.
So, think over it, and understand the detailing requirement of your car and detail your car regularly in every season to enhance the life of your vehicle. Contact the car detailer near you for car detailing requirement.