Make sure to keep yourself covered, if you do employ these money saving tips as suggested in the video above. And by covered I mean, employ yourself and independent building inspector to carry out a certified building inspection report, so that when the time comes to sell you property, your buyer will have the peace of mind knowing that even though you employed some cost saving methods to construct your home, you didn’t cut corners when it came to doing things properly.
The way a building inspector can help you to save money in the long run, is to inspect any work done by contractors or owner builders, who to the untrained eye may have done things incorrectly in order to save themselves some money on materials or processes.
If you are in the Melbourne area, then New Building Inspectors, are your first choice for a qualified builder to provide you with an independent building inspections report.
And once the house is complete you are going to want to celebrate. After all that blood sweat and tears, the new house is now ready to be enjoyed and what better way to do that than to entertain your friends and family.
After the hard work that everyone has contributed to the project it is only fitting that they get to join in on the celebrations too. You can invite the builders, bricklayers, landscapers, interior decorators – in fact invite anyone who has put in their best effort to make your new home the best it could be. You never know when you are going to want to have them come back and do some more work or fix up any mistakes that may eventuate after the warrranty period may be over. If you have returned kind with kind, you will be in a better negotiation spot to get them back to do the work for little or no cost to you.
Make sure you take all the hard work out of the event and hire a quality catering company to handle the food preparation and service of the guests. You know you don’t save much money by trying to do this yourself and it just adds to the enjoyment level when someone else is responsible for the cooking and looking after the mess once the party is over. Companies that can handle corporate events and cocktail parties, such as Chilterns Catering are the people you need to call first.
So whatever you decide to do, just make sure that everyone has a good time at your house warming party.
In keeping with most districts of healthcare, the marketplace has seen a boom in the construction of Behavioral Healthcare facilities. Contributing to this increase is the paradigm shift in the way society views mental illness. Society is placing a heavier value on the need to treat people with serious addictions such as alcohol, prescription and elicit drugs. A large percentage of people suffering from behavioral disorders are afflicted with both mental and addictive behaviors, and most will re-enter communities and either become contributors or violators.
These very specialized facilities do not typically yield the attention from today’s top healthcare designers and their quantity accounts for a small fraction of healthcare construction. However, Behavioral Healthcare projects are increasing in number and are being designed by some very prominent architectural firms such as Cannon Design and Architecture Plus. Many are creating state-of-the-art, award-winning contemporary facilities that defy what most of us believe Behavioral Healthcare design to be.
Changing the Way We Design Behavioral Healthcare Facilities
As with all good planners and designers, A+D (along with facility experts) are reviewing the direct needs of patient and staff while reflecting on how new medicine and modern design can foster patient healing rates, reduce environmental stress, and increase safety. This is changing the face of treatment and outcome by giving the practitioner more time to treat because they require less time and resources to “manage” disruptive patient populations.
The face of Behavioral Healthcare is quickly changing. No longer are these facilities designed to warehouse patients indefinitely. And society’s expectations have changed. Patients are often treated with the belief that they can return to their community and be a contributor to society. According to the National Association of Psychiatric Health Systems (NAPHS), depending on the severity of illness, the average length of stay in a Behavioral Healthcare facility is only 9.6 days.
What has changed?
Jaques Laurence Black, AIA, president and principal of New York City-based daSILVA Architects, states that there are two primary reasons for the shortened admission period:
1. Introduction of modern psychotropic drugs that greatly speed recovery
2. Pressures from insurance companies to get patients out of expensive modes of care
To meet these challenges, healthcare professionals are finding it very difficult to effectively treat patients within the walls of antiquated, rapidly deteriorating mental facilities. A great percentage of these facilities were built between 1908 and 1928 and were designed for psychiatric needs that were principled in the belief to “store” not to “rehabilitate.”
Also impacting the need for Behavioral Healthcare construction is the reluctance of acute-care facilities to provide mental health level services for psychiatric or addiction patients. They recognize that patient groups suffering from behavioral disorders have unique health needs, all of which need to be handled and treated only by very experienced healthcare professionals. This patient population also requires a heightened level of security. Self-harm and injuring staff and other patients are major concerns.
The Report of the Surgeon General: “Epidemiology of Mental Illness” also reports that within a given year about 20% of Americans suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder and 5.4% suffer from a serious mental illness (SMI ) – defined as bipolar, panic, obsessive-compulsive, personality, and depression disorders and schizophrenia. It is also believed 6% of Americans suffer from addiction disorders, a statistic that is separate from individuals who suffer from both mental and addiction disorders. Within a given year it is believed that over one-quarter of America’s population warrants levels of mental clinical care. Even if these statistics were cut in half, it cannot be denied as a serious societal issue.
With a growing population, effectively designing in accordance with such measures is at the heart of public health.
Understanding the Complexity of Behavioral Healthcare Design
Therefore, like Corrections, leading planners and designers specializing in Behavioral Healthcare are delving deeper to better understand the complexity of issues and to be the activist to design facilities that promote treatment and healing – and a safer community.
The following is a list of key design variables that are being studied and implemented:
1. Right Sizing
2. Humanizing Materials and Color
3. Staff-Focused Amenities and Happiness
4. Security and Safety
5. Therapeutic Design Tenants
Today’s Behavioral Healthcare facilities are often one-story single buildings within a campus size. Often debated by Clients due to costs, this design preference is driven by the demand for natural light, window views to nature for all patient areas, and outdoor open-air gardens “wrapped” within. All of this provides soothing qualities to the patient, reduces their anxieties, counteracts disruptive conduct and helps to reduce staff stress.
“When you look at the program mix in these buildings, there’s a high demand for perimeter because there are a lot of rooms that need natural light. Offices, classrooms, dining areas, community rooms, and patient rooms all demand natural light, so you end up with a tremendous amount of exterior wall, and it forces the building to have a very large footprint.” – James Kent Muirhead, AIA, associate principal at Cannon Design in Baltimore
These design principles are also believed to improve staff work conditions. Unlike a multi-story complex, at any moment staff can walk outdoors and access nature, free from visual barriers, and within a building that more accurately reflects building types that both patients and staff would encounter in their communities.
In addition to right-sizing for the overall building footprint, is right-sizing for internal patient and staff support area. Similar to the move we have seen in Corrections to de-centralize support spaces, Behavioral Healthcare is moving to decentralized nursing/patient units called “neighborhoods.” With mental health facilities there is a large concern with distances and space adjacencies in relation to the patient room and patient support areas such as treatment and social spaces. Frank Pitts, AIA, FACHA, OAA president of Architecture Plus, Troy, NY, advocates neighborhoods that average 24-30 beds arranged in sub-clusters, called “houses”, of 8-10 beds. Thus, each neighborhood consists of three houses. Often these layouts will include a common area where patients congregate and socialize, with a separate quiet room so patients can elect to avoid active, crowded areas. In addition Pitts states, “There’s a move away from central dining facilities. So, while facilities will still have a central kitchen, it’s a whole lot easier moving food than it is patients.” However, it is important for the facility to mimic normal outside daily life routines, so patients are encouraged to frequently leave their neighborhoods to attend treatment sessions, and outdoor courtyards.
Humanizing Materials & Color
In all facilities that play a role in rehabilitation, design strives to create spaces that humanize, calm, and relax. Behavioral Healthcare patients need to feel that they are in familiar surroundings; therefore, the architectural vocabulary should feel comfortable and normal. Since these facilities are about rehabilitation (when possible) and encouraging patients to merge back into society, the facility should feel like an extension of the community. Their spaces should reflect the nature and architecture of the surrounding region and thus so, no two facilities should look too much alike.
“Our approach to designing these facilities is to view the facility as an extension of the community where patients will end up when they’re released. Interior finishes also depend on geography because you want to replicate the environment patients are used to. You want to de-stigmatize the facility as much as possible.” – Tim Rommel, AIA, ACHA, OAA, principal with Cannon Design in Buffalo, NY.
Therefore, materials and colors within these spaces want to feel familiar to one’s region and everyday life. To soothe the psyche and rehabilitate, they want to feel soft and comfortable, yet visually stimulating. An interior that is overly neutral or hard in appearance is not appropriate. Materials should reduce noise, and colors should lift the spirit. This can help to create an environment in which the patient can learn, socialize, and be productive while easing anxieties, delivering dignity, and modifying behavior. As stated previously, behavioral studies advise the use of softer interior materials-like carpeting, wood doors and tile. Doing so translates directly to both patient and staff well-being, particularly staff safety, and makes for a nicer place to work. In addition, staff have more resources to “treat” instead of manage heated situations. When staff experiences are eased and satisfied, morale is boosted and life-saving rules and policies are more likely to be enforced.
Staff-Focused Amenities & Happiness
While reducing staff stress and fatigue through a healing supportive environment seems like an obvious goal, there are relatively few studies that have dealt with this issue in any detail. More attention has been given to patient outcomes. However, many leading hospitals that have adopted therapeutic tenants into their newly built environments have seen vast improvement through their “business matrixes” and financial reporting.
In one example, the Mayo Clinic, a national leader in implementing healing design in its facilities, has reported a reduction of nursing turnover from a national annual average of 20% to an annual 3%-4%. In another example, when Bronson Methodist Hospital incorporated evidence-based design into its new 343-bed hospital, they cited their 19%-20% nurse turnover rate dramatically dropped to 5%.
Now, both the Mayo Clinic and Bronson Methodist Hospital have had to initiate a waiting list for nursing staff seeking positions. This converts to better-trained and qualified staff, and a reduced error rate. Therefore, more health facilities are investing in staff support areas such as lounges, changing rooms, and temporary sleep rooms. Within these staff spaces and in the hospital throughout, facilities are also recognizing the need for upgrade materials, better day lighting, and an interesting use of color: One soon realizes that the need of patients and staff are interwoven, each impacting positively or negatively the other.
Security & Safety
Without debate, self harm and harm to staff is one of the biggest concerns mental health facilities manage. Often the biggest safety and security concern is the damage patients can do to themselves. “There are three rules I had drummed in me,” says Mark Hanchar; Director of Preconstruction Services for Gilbane Building Company, Providence, R.I. “First, there can’t be any way for people to hang themselves. Second, there can be no way for them to create weapons. Third, you must eliminate things that can be thrown.” Hanchar says that the typical facility is, “a hospital with medium-security prison construction.” This means shatter proof glass, solid surface countertops (laminate can be peeled apart), stainless steel toilets and sinks (porcelain can shatter), push pull door latches and furniture that cannot be pulled apart and used as a weapon. These are just to name a few.
Additionally, removing barriers between patients and nursing staff is a safety consideration. Frank Pitts, AIA, FACHA, OAA president of Architecture Plus, says what may be counter-intuitive for safety precautions, “Glass walls around nursing stations just aggravate the patients.” Removing glass or lowering it at nursing stations so patients can feel a more human connection to nurses often calms patients. There is also discussion of removing nursing stations altogether; decentralizing and placing these care needs directly into the clinical neighborhoods and community spaces. Pitt says, “The view is that [nursing staff] need to be out there treating their patients.”
Therapeutic Design Tenants
As medicine is increasingly moving towards “evidence-based” medicine, where clinical choices are informed by research, healthcare design is increasingly guided by research linking the physical environment directly to patient and staff outcomes. Research teams from Texas A&M and Georgia Tech sifted through thousands of scientific articles and identified more than 600 – most from top peer-reviewed journals – to quantify how hospital design can play a direct role in clinical outcomes.
The research teams uncovered a large body of evidence that demonstrates design features such as increased day-lighting, access to nature, reduced noise and increased patient control helped reduce stress, improve sleep, and increase staff effectiveness – all of which promote healing rates and save facilities cost. Therefore, improving physical settings can be a critical tool in making hospitals more safe, more healing, and better places to work.
Today’s therapeutic spaces have been defined to excel in 3 categories:
1. Provide clinical excellence in the treatment of the body
2. Meet the psycho-social needs of patients, families, and staff
3. Produce measurable positive patient outcomes and staff effectiveness
Considering the cost of treating mental illness, which is exceedingly high, and wanting facilities to have effective outcomes, a further practice of incorporating therapeutic design is increasing. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIM H) approximated in 2008 that serious mental illnesses (SMI ), costs the nation $193 billion annually in lost wages. The indirect costs are impossible to estimate.
The estimated direct cost to clinically treat is approximately $70 billion annually and another $12 billion spent towards substance abuse disorders. In addition to the increased need of care and the boom in Behavioral Healthcare construction, it becomes an obligation to make certain that we as facility managers, architects, designers and manufacturers therapeutically plan and design these facilities.
Notably, in 2004, “The Role of the Physical Environment in the Hospital for the 21st Century: A Once-in-a-Lifetime Opportunity,” published by Roger Ulrich P.H.D., of Texas A&M University, was released. In a culmination of evidence-based research, research teams found five design principles that contributed significantly to achieving therapeutic design goals.
The report indicates five key factors that are essential for the psychological well-being of patients, families and staff, including:
1. Access to Nature
2. Provide Positive Distractions
3. Provide Social Support Spaces
4. Give a Sense of Control
5. Reduce or eliminate environmental stress
Access to Nature
Studies indicate that nature might have the most powerful impact to help patient outcomes and staff effectiveness. Nature can be literal or figurative – natural light, water walls, views to nature, large prints of botanicals and geography, materials that indicate nature and most importantly, stimulating color that evokes nature. Several studies strongly support that access to nature such as day-lighting and appropriate colorations can improve health outcomes such as depression, agitation, sleep, circadian rest-activity rhythms, as well as length of stay in demented patients and persons with seasonal affective disorders (SAD).
These and related studies continue to affirm the powerful impact of natural elements on patient recovery and stress reduction. Thus, it is clear that interior designs which integrate natural elements can create a more relaxing, therapeutic environment that benefits both patients and staff.
These are a small set of environmental features that provide the patient and family a positive diversion from “the difficult” and, in doing so, also negate an institutional feel. These can be views to nature, water walls, artwork, super imposed graphics, sculpture, music – and ideally all of these want to be focused on nature and, when applicable, an interesting use of color. Therapeutic environments that provide such patient-centered features can empower patients and families, but also increase their confidence in the facility and staff. This helps with open lines of communication between patient and caregiver.
Social Support Spaces
These are spaces designed partially for the patient but mainly for the comfort and socialization of family members and friends of the patient; therefore, family lounges, resource libraries, chapels, sleep rooms and consult rooms all play a role. When family and friends play a key role in a patient’s healing, these spaces encourage families to play an active role in the rehabilitation process.
Sense of Control
In times when patients and family feel out of control, it is very healing for the facility design and staff to provide it back when appropriate. Although, this cannot always be done suitably in mental healthcare facilities. However, when applicable, these design features include optional lighting choices, architectural way-finding, resource libraries, enhanced food menus, private patient rooms and
optional areas to reside in. A few well-appointed studies in psychiatric wards and nursing homes have found that optional choices of moveable seating in dining areas enhanced social interaction and improved eating disorders. When patients feel partially in control of their healing program and that the building features are focused to them, an increased confidence of the quality of care enters and tensions lower.
As with all therapeutic design, this allows the caregiver to use their resources healing in lieu of “managing” patient populations.
Reduce or Eliminate Environmental Stress
Noise level measurements show that hospital wards can be excessively noisy places resulting in negative effects on patient outcomes. The continuous background noise produced by medical equipment and staff voices often exceeds the level of a busy restaurant. Peak noise periods (shift changes, equipment alarms, paging systems, telephones, bedrails, trolleys, and certain medical equipment like portable xray machines are comparable to walking next to a busy highway when a motorcycle or large truck passes.
Several studies have focused on infants in NIC Us, finding that higher noise levels, for example, decrease oxygen saturation (increasing need for oxygen support therapy), elevate blood pressure, increase heart and respiration rate, and worsen sleep. Research on adults and children show that noise is a major cause of awakening and sleep loss.
Architectural design can assist in overcoming these types of obstacle. Whether you are designing a luxury home or care facility, there are certain design aspects that need to be considered. Overall comfort and a sense of peace, are able to be enhanced by a well designed environment. Considering Melbourne designed homes and prestige premises, one could draw the conclusion that choosing the right home builder is going to make all the difference.
In addition to worsening sleep, there is strong evidence that noise increases stress in adult patients, for example, heightening blood pressure and heart rate. Environmental surfaces in hospitals are usually hard and sound-reflecting, not sound-absorbing causing noise to travel down corridors and into patient rooms. Sounds tend to echo, overlap and linger longer.
Interventions that reduce noise have been found to improve sleep and reduce patient stress. Of these, the environmental or design interventions such as changing to sound-absorbing ceiling tiles, are more successful than organizational interventions like establishing “quiet hours.” White noise or noise reducing electronic devices can also help quieten a noisy environment.
Conclusion and Additional Information
The information contained in this excerpted report is intended as a guide for architects, specifiers, designers, facility planners, medical directors, procurers, psychologists and social workers which have a stake in providing improved facilities for behavioral healthcare patients. It is a portion of a report entitled “The Contributions of Color” authored by Tara Hill, of Little Fish Think Tank. Ms. Hill was commissioned by Norix Group Inc., in 2010 to research the role color plays in the safe operation of correctional facilities and behavioral health centers. More in-depth information specifically about the psychological influence of color and behavioral healthcare facility design can be found by reading the full report.
About the Author
Tara Hill is a full-scope, state registered interior designer, and the founder and principle of Little Fish Think Tank. Before founding Little Fish, Ms. Hill was an Associate + Senior Designer at HOK, and the Director of Interiors at Stanley, Beaman & Sears. She has implemented award-winning, innovative design solutions for commercial and institutional interiors.
Ms. Hill also has significant experience regarding the science and theory of color, both as a design tool and a promoter of healing. She has conducted extensive research in evidence-based design regarding color and its profound impact on the human spirit.
Prior to her work with Norix, Ms. Hill developed the Healing Colors Collection for Corian® solid surfaces, by Dupont®, for the healthcare environment. http://www.golittlefish.net
About Norix Group Inc.
For over 25 years, Norix has offered the most complete line of correctional furniture, for use throughout correctional facilities. With their extensive experience in providing secure furniture for prisons and jails, Norix is a trusted resource for every corrections application.
Norix also offers a vast array of furniture for several industries including behavioral healthcare, commercial, higher education, public safety, GSA and shelters. All furniture is designed for safety, security and extreme durability. Norix intensive-use furniture is extraordinary by design, surpassing industry standards for strength, safety and long-term performance.
Are you looking to purchase a car? Do you know how to avoid the potential mistakes that many car buyers make? The piece that follows offers terrific guidance for anyone interesting in buying a vehicle and making car purchasing errors. At Waxit.com.au car care products we developed a carnauba wax range that’s tailored to different paint types and needs.
Take time to research the dealer before you make any offer on a vehicle. You will be able to get a better negotiating advantage if you understand their trade in practices and financing options. Reading customer reviews can also give you a good way to avoid scams or pitfalls.
Don’t ever go above that limit, even if a salesperson tries to convince you to.
Test the merchandise before you purchase.
Never discuss down payments, what you have down, or trade-ins until you’ve established an actual price on your desired car. These items should be deducted from the lowest negotiated price. You will probably get a much better price this way.
Rent a car in order to test them out. This will give you get a good idea of what it is like to drive.Go on a trip to see how the car stands up to the abuse.This can help you familiarize yourself with a car prior to committing to one long-term.
Do not mention your trade-in vehicle right off the bat. Wait to discuss your trade-in vehicle until after you have a firm deal on the new vehicle.
The seller’s goal of a salesperson is to make the highest commissions. It seems to go without saying, but a good salesperson may hide this fact. Be mindful of the lookout for any extra costs and additions that could be added onto a sale. Even low-priced cars can increase by hundreds or thousands.
A great deal on a car that looks affordable in itself might not be so great when you find out your new premiums. You need to get a car that strikes a balance between cost of the auto and insurance.
Be sure you’ve discovered rebates before you go. Lots of car dealerships provide a rebate on their site in order to encourage fast sale.
This is a good way to find out how much you should expect from the overall value of the car.
Don’t dress up when you visit the car dealership. It won’t be easy to tell a salesperson that you need a good rate if you have tons of diamonds and pricey furs on.
You should always do a test drive the vehicles you are interested in.You can’t get a feel for the car if it has anything wrong with it. Test out as many elements of the car as you can in order to avoid unpleasant surprises later.
Don’t get yourself ripped off by a car salesperson. They sometimes seem quite trustworthy, but it’s so they can gain your trust.
Choose a car which is known to need few repairs and needing rare repairs. You don’t want to avoid a money every other month just to stay functional. Look online for you.
If you are buying a car and think your credit rate is right for bank financing, you should choose that option. The bank will make you to pay a lot less compared to those people.
Watch out for low payments every month that are indicative of a higher overall price. You can find yourself distracted with a low payment without realizing the total amount you will be paying for the car.
Don’t purchase any vehicle without a test driving.You need to actually drive the car you’re able to feel what it drives like before you spend money on buying it. If you’re not able to test drive a car at the time, wait until they do or go to a dealership that does have one.
This will let you know if there is anything thing wrong with the mechanical issues or damages caused by wrecks. If the mechanic finds some problems, you should consider another car, or at least haggling for a lower price.
Find out how much your trade-in before trading it in. You can use your knowledge to negotiate a higher trade-in value if you know what it’s worth.
Think about leasing the car instead of buying. You may even locate a zero money down lease with nothing down.
You do not have to be in a bind this way.
You should base negotiations at wholesale or invoice pricing. You can do this using one of websites. Plan on paying near the invoice or a little more if necessary.Once you have reached a bottom line price, ask about financing and incentives. This will allow you the best deal on your vehicle.
As this article already mentioned, there are a number of mistakes that can be made when you are shopping for a new vehicle. Use this information to help you find the perfect car. Best wishes as you look for your next car!
Do you still bear in mind how remarkable your car’s surface was when you initially bought it? Basically, aside from the model and brand, the quality and gloss of the paint are also a few of the reasons you fell in love in your vehicle– this is exactly what catches the most attention also. Although the vehicle’s surface still shine, this doesn’t imply that it’s still like how it made use of to be. This is why you ought to consider car paint protection Adelaide.
The Process of Paint Correction
Paint correction is a process where nano-technology is used and used making use of an orbital polisher. Wherein, the process of safe, in-depth, contemporary, and correct buffing strategies are what makes a real expert detailer stand apart amongst the rest. At Paint Correction Melbourne, you’ll have the assurance that just the best detailers will deal with the paint correction demand.
Types of Paint Correction
– Single Paint Correction
Single paint correction can stand up to 30 % discomfort correction where it can offer a significant reflection and clearness in the vehicle’s paint.
Much like its name, this level of paint protection makes use of a one-stage machine buffing likewise known as “one-step polishing.” Although it does not provide “perfect details,” it can still do a remarkable improvement in the status of the paint.
– Multi-Stage Paint Correction
Multi-stage paint correction is better than single-paint correction. In reality, considering this kind of service will permit you to substantially improve the finish, as it will efficiently eliminate all swirls, and so on. This process starts with the use of an enormous compounding device polishing stage as a way to eliminate he flaws, preceded by a subsidiary polishing phase in order to refine the finish while boost the gloss and clarity also.
Thinking about that there are numerous paint types, conditions, and the size of the automobile might differ, it’s typically perfect that the detailer will assess the car initially in order to identify the very best method to use for your car’s problem.
Benefits of Paint Correction
Fact be informed, no matter how well you take care of your car, it will still have some blemishes– it’s inevitable. Thankfully, there’s constantly an option to this type of issue, such as paint correction. Simply like what has actually been pointed out earlier, paint correction is the process of eliminating typical paint problems, such as bird discolorations, scratches, buffer marks, swirl marks, micro-marring, cob-webbing, orange peel, etc. It does not matter whether it’s caused by every day wear and tear, or just because of inaccurate methods, paint correction will always have a way to resolve this problem.
Likewise, even new automobiles should consider paint correction Melbourne as a way to eliminate any residue originating from the protective covering utilized, and problems trigger by mishandling.
Lastly, it’s important to make sure that you’ll just employ someone who really know exactly what they’re doing. Similar to exactly what has actually been discussed earlier, paint correction is a labor-extensive job. That suggests, it’s highly suggested to go for somebody who has a large range of understanding and experience in order to make sure that you’ll just get the very best paint correction service available.
Do you have problems understanding the menu when you are looking at it? Do you understand what the word is supposed to say but have no idea what it means in this context? Do you wish you spoke 12 different languages in order to comprehend what those words are that accompany the chicken on the menu? Me too, and I have been a chef for 22 years! That being said, I might know the meaning of a few more terms and words than the average food consumer out there, so I have decided to share with you some of the most common. Mostly in wedding finger food canapes are served for the guest, I experience it with myself and I love the food that Chilternscatering.com.au served.
So, firstly we have the different people that might be at your catering event:
Chef – The chef is the main cook in the kitchen, known in the kitchen just as ‘Chef’. The Chef is also known as the Head Chef or Executive (Exec) Chef. Another meaning for the word chef is a person who has cooking qualifications from a recognised cookery school, as opposed to a person who does not have the qualification, known as a cook. This last meaning is quite arbitrary, a cook could be a seasoned twenty year kitchen veteran working with a ‘chef’ just out of cookery school.
Maître D’ – The maître d’hôtel (maître d’) manages the front of the house in restaurant. The maître d’hôtel is responsible for supervising the wait staff, welcoming guests and taking them to their tables, taking reservations, customer satisfaction, overall dining experience, room service and buffet services.
Front Of House – The front of house is a term given to the public area of the catering premises, or the actual dining room itself. People who work in this area are called ‘Front of House Staff’, including, wait staff, bar staff, maître d’ amongst others.
Sommelier: A Sommelier is a wine expert. Sommelier is a professional name earned by people who have taken the right wine courses and earned the right to be called Sommelier.
Secondly, we have some of the names of the catering food on the catering menu:
Dukkah – Dukkah is an Egyptian seasoning made with hazelnuts, sesame seeds, coriander seeds, cumin seeds, freshly ground black pepper and flaked sea salt. Dukkah spiced lamb or vegetables are especially great with this seasoning.
Canapes – Canapes are a traditional ‘stand-up’ style of catering also known as cocktail canape, finger food or hor d’oeuvres. Canapes are used to bridge the gap between the time when the guests arrive and the time when the guests sit down. Canapes used to be a type of hors d’oeuvre, however in common modern-day parlance all the variations on the phrase ‘hor d’oeuvres’ have come to mean the same thing.
Mignon – The word mignon directly translated from the native French means, pretty, dainty, sweet, cute, small or bite-size. This relates to catering because usually a mignon is a cut of meat from the smaller sections of the animal. A mignon of beef traditionally comes from the thin end of a fillet rather than the Chateaubriand end or from tenderloin. A chicken mignon is a section of chicken, usually wrapped in something, bacon for example, about the circumference of an Australian 20c or 50c piece. Fillet mignon has come to mean a eye fillet steak in general, this could have derived from the fact that traditionally the mignon was cut from the small, cute or bite-size end of the whole fillet.
Arancini – Arancini is the name given to small balls of risotto, coated in breadcrumbs and fried. Traditionally used as a way to use leftovers, arancini balls have become a great canapé. Arancini balls are a fantastic vegetarian option to any catering event; wild mushroom arancini is especially good.
Bhajia – Pronounced ‘baa-gee’ the bhajia is a deep fried fritter usually found on the Indian sub-continent. The most famous bhajia is the onion bhajia which can be served as an entrée, an accompaniment to any main mean or as a fantastic canapé.
Tempura – A tempura batter is a thin, crispy batter made with corn or rice starch. It is a Japanese traditional batter and is used to cost vegetables and seafood. A tip with batter is to keep it as cold as possible before dipping and frying, this ensures a crispy batter. Ice cubes in a tempura mix helps to keep it very cool for frying – this is not advisable to most people however as an ice cube in the hot oil by mistake can have devastating results.
Gravadlax – Gravadlax pronounced ‘grav-a-lax’ is a traditional Scandinavian way of curing salmon. The salmon is covered in sugar, rock salt and dill and left to cure for two days. Some people add alcohol to the mix to help with the cure, vodka and pernod give the salmon a very distinct flavour. Salmon gravadlax is best sliced thinly and served as a gourmet canapé.
Terrine – a terrine is the name given to a chunky, meatier pate rather than the smooth style of pate, which is given the generic name of pate. A terrine actually derives its name from the name of the dish in which it is cooked and shaped; the long rectangular shape in which traditionally the formed is moulded from a dish called a terrine. Served as a fantastic canapé, a terrine is a pork, chicken and bacon with caramelised onion jam is especially tasty.
Petit Fours – Petit fours are a delicate sweet treat usually served at the end of the meal with good coffee. Petit fours are a great sweet canapé because they are bite-size and perfectly round off a gourmet canapé function. The name ‘petit fours’ derives from the French for ‘small oven’ and could include; mini mud cake, chocolate tart, macadamia tart, lemon tart, coconut delight and white marble cake. Petit fours are also a perfect choice for a high tea stand.
Frittata – A frittata is essentially a baked egg dish similar to an omelette or a pastry-less quiche. Frittata is fantastic for an entrée or as a gourmet canapé. A favourite is a sweet potato, leek and red pepper frittata with chilli jam. With dietary requirements getting more and more prevalent in today’s modern dining, a frittata is a perfect vegetarian and/or gluten free option. Tip – add cream cheese to the egg mix to enrich your frittata and help it set better without adding gluten.
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Managing Director of Redhill, Surrey-based Stocksigns Group explains how by business having the right signage can help protect workers and prevent accidents.
According to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) there were 144 UK workers killed at work between 1 April 2015 to 31 March 2016. Managing Director of Stocksigns Group Danny Adamson responds to the shocking statistics and explains how having the correct signage in place can lead to greater prevention of accidents in the workplace. Absolutesignsolutions.com.austickers Sydney a reliable company in making your business signage more appealing to your customers.
Stocksigns is one of Britain’s leading sign makers and digital printers with over 60 years of expertise.
In November 2016, the HSE released its annual statistics report* with information about workplace-related injuries and illnesses. The HSE UK statistics also showed that there were 1.3 million people suffering from a work-related illness, over 621,000 work-related injuries and 2,515 people died from mesothelioma due to past asbestos exposure.
Danny Adamson explains, “Accidents are unpredictable, however there is a lot that can be done to prevent accidents happening in the first place. One of the key ways of keeping people safe in any environment is using the correct signage.
“In the past 20 years, there has been a downward trend in the rate of fatal work-related injuries. In 1992 the safety signs directive was adopted by all European Union member states. In 1996 the changes were implemented through the Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals Regulations) act. This required employers to provide specific safety signs whenever there is a risk that has not been avoided or controlled by other means.
“The introduction of Safety Signs and Signals Regulations protects workers and members of the public. Since then the rate of fatal injury has reduced by over 50%. In 1996 there were 0.9 fatal injuries per every 100,000 workers, today the figure is 0.4.
“There is a correlation between the introduction of safety signage and a reduction in the number of accidents. The first step of ensuring safety to everyone is being able to alert them to danger and having compliant signage in place. Today there is a huge range of signs available for all types of hazards. Signage is a small investment, but it will encourage safer working environments.”
RoSPA’s campaign manager Rebecca Hickman said, “Our work over the past 100 years has taught us that accidents do not have to happen, and that’s why we’re stepping up our activities to help keep people safe. Our mission is to save lives and reduce injuries and our vision is to lead the way on accident prevention. RoSPA plays a unique role in UK health and safety. As a member organisation that campaigns for safety change we also provide services and support to help organisations on their own journey to become safer and healthier places in which to work.”
Stocksigns has a range of signs available for all situations and provide an expert service to give customers the best advice and guidance. All of their signs are HSSA (Health and Safety Sign Association) assured and are fully compliant with ISO 7010, the UK standard for safety signs.
It is essential for businesses to have up-to-date signage. Enforced by the HSE, if non-compliant signage is being used it could lead to extensive fines or serious consequences including prison sentences, personal injuries or even loss of life.
The signmakers are currently celebrating eight years of partnership with the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA) and are donating 20p from every sign sold to the Brighter Beginnings appeal. The Brighter Beginnings campaign is part of RoSPA’s centenary celebrations. The funds raised will help provide new parents with information packs to give their little ones a safer start in life.
Wichita, Kan. – July 6, 2016 – Air Capital Catering and its popular restaurant, Caesar’s Table, opens to the public this Friday in a newly designed space on the main floor of 125 N. Market. Initial hours will be from 11 am – 2 pm, Monday – Friday, featuring Caesar’s traditional hearty menu and buffet, as well as a seasonally changing array of lighter-fare sandwiches, salads and heart-healthy entrees. A rotating menu of family-style dinners featuring fried chicken, lasagna, roast beef, BBQ and more will also be available for take-out in the late afternoons, so downtown workers can pick up a made-from-scratch meal on their way home from the office. Chilternscatering.com.aucorporate catering Sydney have been providing first class catering to offices and workplaces throughout Sydney for the last six years and until now.
Valet parking in 125 N. Market’s covered parking garage is also available to restaurant patrons. The restaurant will validate all parking so customers don’t have to worry about finding a parking on the street when they stop by to dine or pick up a take-home meal.
“We cook like it’s Sunday every day,” says executive chef and owner Sam Kuns. “We want your family to enjoy the home-cooked taste of fresh ingredients, even if you’ve been at the office all day.”
Initially, Kuns will offer beverages, cinnamon rolls and light breakfast items for building tenants. Full breakfast service — open to the public — will be launched in the coming weeks.
“As we settle in here, we’ll be rolling out new restaurant features every few weeks, including the full service breakfast,” Kuns said. “Full bar service is also coming soon, and eventually we’ll also be open for dinner to serve the growing number of loft and apartment dwellers downtown.”
The 6,575-square-foot restaurant features a brand new catering kitchen and bar, along with new furniture and fixtures. It offers seating for up to 88 in the main dining room, plus seating for an additional 32 in a private dining room designed for receptions and events. Seating for up to 34 is also available on the indoor patio-style area of the building’s lobby. The restaurant has its own entrance off Market Street, as well as an entrance from the lobby of 125 N. Market.
Kuns, who has operated the catering business for nearly 25 years, is now booking catering for business functions, wedding receptions and Christmas parties in his new space, and continues to cater events throughout town. Those interested in booking events in Caesar’s Table’s private dining room, or elsewhere, can call 316-946-5879.
“Having a high-quality restaurant in our building was on our radar from the beginning,” said Nathaniel Wayman, Asset Manager for Security National Life Insurance Company, which owns the building. “A restaurant – particularly one that specializes in catering — is another excellent amenity for our tenants. Within a year, we expect Caesar’s Table will be the go-to place downtown for breakfast, lunch, dinner, or a take-and-go-home meal for the whole family.”
Caesar’s Table and Air Capital Catering signed a 10-year lease with 125 N. Market last fall.
Shopping for a car can be fun. Driving it once you own it is fun, and the process of attaining it should be as well. Many people find that car shopping is a stressful experience, but that doesn’t have to be. The information and advice in this article will help you enjoy your car shopping experience. New car paint protection process from Superiorshine.com.au can protect your car from Bird Droppings, Ultraviolet Rays, Tree Sap, Tar, Industrial Fallout, Oxidization and Chemical Fall Out.
When shopping for a car, you need to figure out what you’re looking for first. How much do you afford? How many people you going to be driving around? What gas mileage do you looking for? Do you want two door or more doors? Make sure to jot down all the things that you want in your car to have.
Get a loan approved before visiting the dealership. If you have your loan per-arranged, this process will be much faster.
Figure out your financing options before you even look at a car. You can talk to a bank or nearby credit union. You will get a much better deal through your bank than through the dealer.
Know what type of truck or car you want before going to a lot. You should look it up on the Internet and be more about what you want. You will also be able to find a car you choose so that you’re not tricked by salespeople.
When negotiating cost, do not focus on the monthly payments, rather than the monthly payment. Dealers will do anything and everything to get you that monthly price, but the terms of the financing end up making the overall cost quite a bit higher than you may have thought. Negotiate the best price total you can for the course of your lease.Then calculate what the monthly payments will be.
If you’re getting a car from someone privately, make sure your mechanic checks out the vehicle before cash trades hands. If the owner objects, this is cause for real concern. There may be extensive problems the car. You don’t want to buy into these.
Don’t pay the full price! The dealer isn’t expecting to get the sticker price.
Test drive any car before you buy.
Do not think that purchasing from a dealership. You might be shocked to find the vehicle you want from a private owner or small lot. You can find a car from a private owner.
There is a wide variety of cars being sold online. Do not even visit a dealership before learning all about any cars you’re considering.You can find all kinds of stuff out as much information as you just do a simple search on the Internet.
Don’t sign any as-is warranty that reads “as-is” when purchasing. This is never a bad decision. You should have at least a 60 day warranty with your purchase.
If you start to feel uncomfortable or pressured by a salesman, make your exit. If they attempt to encourage you to change your mind, keep walking. Get the heck out of there quickly! There are much better options to stay somewhere that makes you feel hassled and uncomfortable.
Learn about how the service departments of dealerships you are planning on visiting. Ask around to see if you can find out what current customers think of the service. Call the department yourself and see how they respond to your questions. Select a dealership with smart sales and caring.
Be sure to look for rebates before you go.Lots of car dealerships provide a rebate on their site in order to encourage fast sale.
It can be advantageous for you to purchase a car later in the month. Dealers have quotas for the month. This can work toward your benefit and end up pushing the best price for your way.
Don’t let a salesperson’s affable attitude and charming smile take your money.They may seem friendly, but it’s so they can gain your trust.
Choose a model that is famous for being cheap and for not needing costly repairs. You want to shell out a ton of cash every few weeks just so it works! Look online to see what model is best for reviews on the vehicles you are considering to learn from others’ experiences.
Watch out for low payments that add up to a higher sales price. It’s simple to be distracted by the need to find a payment that fits your budget.
Research is key when you are trying to purchase a car. Don’t even go to the dealership without doing research first. Learn about each car you’re thinking about, makers, so you know what to expect when you get to the dealership.
Don’t purchase any vehicle without a test drive it. You may buy a car and hate the way it handles if you spend money on buying it. If the vehicle you want is out of stock, you need to go somewhere else.
This allows you to find out if there are any mechanical or electrical problems that you are considering purchasing. If the mechanic finds some problems, you may want a different car, or perhaps you can bargain for a more reasonable price that reflects the issues.
Never tell a car salesman a hint that you need new wheels now. They will then put pressure on to your desperation and drive a harder bargain than they would have otherwise.
You should base negotiations at wholesale price. You can find this number at different websites. Plan to get your car at invoice price or maybe slightly higher. Once you have reached a bottom line price, then you can look into other things like financing. This will help you get a great deal.
Avoid car dealers that do not have a poor-looking lot. Lots of dealers are actively trying to sell cars that have no business on the open road. If the dealership does not look well-maintained, you can be sure they have no problem selling you an inferior vehicle.
For many people, car shopping is cringe worthy, but it does not need to be stressful! You should use these tips to make your car shopping more efficient and relaxing. Use the advice in this article to help you buy your dream car with less stress.
Some people know everything about every car is worth.
Never buy a car that is out of your price range. Many people get hoodwinked into buying a sports car because the person looks good in it. Remember that the commissions they will make if they sell you an expensive vehicle. Most of us own a car for the long time but then the color of our car fades in the long run but of course we can change it by applying a car paint protection.
You can literally save a lot by searching online. After finding the right car, either visit the dealership in person or ask another dealer to get the car on your behalf. If you can get to the dealership, it’s better to pick it up yourself.
You don’t want to feel rushed when trying to get comfortable about a deal. You should allocate at least an entire afternoon.If you are really short on time, you can restart the negotiation another day.
Test drive any car before you buy.
When shopping for a car, think about how the fuel economy can affect you. You may feel the need to buy a big V-8 you can use to tow things.
Don’t drive your really expensive car to the lot.Once they see what you are driving, they will not accept any of your offers and try raising prices because they will assume you can afford to spend more on a vehicle.
Try renting a better feel for the vehicle. This will give you get a chance to spend some time driving the vehicle. Go on a trip in that car stands up to the abuse. This can help you to be comfortable with it before spending the commitment to purchase.
Visit a local auto show so you can more easily determine which types of vehicles would suit your needs. Auto shows provide you with a unique opportunity to compare many different makes side-by-side comparisons of various vehicles in one roof. You can also talk to people who know cars well.
Bring a friend along during the car-buying process — preferably someone who has nothing to gain or lose from your decision. They ensure you a fresh perspective on the decisions you want or need. Ask them ahead of time to keep their eyes and ears open for any possible problems or disadvantages that they identify during a test drive.
You should have an upper limit on your number in mind before going to a car lot.
Search the Internet to find great used car.You often do not even need to go to a car dealership nowadays. Try looking at online classifieds or auction sites, eBay and your local classifieds. You can save some money and avoid the pressure sales that you encounter at a car dealership.
Make sure that you read everything before you sign it. Read the whole contract before you sign it.The documents are legally binding contracts once it is signed.You can even ask to take the contract home with you to read it.If you can’t, get a purchase agreement or copy of the contract to look over at your leisure.
You should not have to pay money for that fee. If necessary, tell them you decline the offer. They will most likely not let you and give in.
Buying at the end may be your best bet. Dealers have quotas for the month. This can work toward your benefit and end up pushing the price for your desired car.
Choose a vehicle that has a reputation for running well and needing rare repairs. You don’t want to shell out a lot of money every few months to keep it running! Look around online to figure out the model is best for you.
Don’t get a car before you test driving. You must get a car test driven so that you’re purchasing in order to see what it feels like to you. If your dealership doesn’t currently have the vehicle you are looking to buy in stock, go to one that does or wait until it is in stock.
This allows you to find out if there are any mechanical or electrical problems that you are considering purchasing. If you find such problems to exist, you should consider another car, or perhaps you can bargain for a more reasonable price that reflects the issues.
Find the value of your trade-in before you arrive at the blue book. You can haggle better if you know what it’s worth.
Know your budget when buying a new car. Jot down how much you can afford to spend; then do your homework to find the search. Failing to do this can put you to get in a bad deal.
Your negotiation starting point could be the wholesale or invoice pricing. Visit a number of different sites online to locate this. Plan to get your car at invoice price or a little more if necessary. Once you have reached a bottom line price, move on to discuss financing and incentives. This will allow you ensure you’re achieving the best possible deal on a vehicle.
Don’t get too stressed anymore! You have the information you need to make smart choices when it comes to car buying. You can get that fair price, and with it you’ll feel much better about your ride. You can now enjoy shopping for your new car!
Not everyone has the best history when it comes to purchasing a car. Some people have overpaid for under-performing vehicles. You need to learn how to properly negotiate. You do not have to just go with the flow! Choosing a car cleaning products is a long term investment as well, you need to make sure that you will not commit a mistakes in choosing those products.
Research any dealership you are considering before offering on a car there. This can help you have stronger negotiating tactics if you’re aware of their financing options and trade practices. You can also learn which dealers to avoid completely through reviews by former customers.
A mechanic of your choosing should always inspect a used vehicle prior to purchase. If your dealer does not want to do this, turn around and go somewhere else. You need a mechanic to give you an objective opinion about the car’s condition and check for damages, submersion in water or other problems some dealers try to hide.
If you are considering buying a vehicle from a private seller, you should first ask your mechanic to go over it. If the owners will not allow you to do this, consider it a red flag. The car may have costly issues that make it worth far less than the asking price. You should always know about any preexisting conditions before buying the car.
Consider the mileage a car gets before buying it. For instance, you might think a big V-8 engine, paired with a towing package, is a great idea. This can help you to maximize on the features that you are presented with.
When overbearing salespeople are difficult for you to handle, take someone with you when you shop. Bring someone else with you for negotiations and to ask questions you may forget to ask. Tell them exactly what you’re looking to buy and how much you have to spend before you go.
Call your bank about financing ahead of your purchase. This is just for your own security. Normally a dealership can give you a better interest rate than a bank.
Consider purchasing outside of a dealership. You have many options, including private sellers or smaller dealerships. Search through community area classifieds and hunt through social media to focus your search on cars available in your neighborhood.
Test driving is mandatory. Even if you know what your next car should be and the dealer has it, still take it out for a test drive. You need to feel the wheel under your hands and the road under your tires. It could be that the car doesn’t ride as smoothly as you like or doesn’t handle as you were expecting.
Put the Internet to work for you. You will be able to view a wider selection on the Internet. Absorb every piece of information about a vehicle before you think about buying it from a lot. You can find specifications, ratings, size, MPG, resell value and anything else that you want to know, all by looking online.
Be careful about giving out a social security number. Many dealerships will try to get this information from you early in the game, and they will run your credit. Having multiple dealerships check your credit will have a negative effect on your score. No one needs your personal information till you’re absolutely ready to buy.
Think about the MPG a car gets. Though economical cars may more initially, the amount you save on gas is worth it. Keep this in mind as you choose a model.
The end of a month is usually the best time to go car shopping. Salesman need to make monthly goals which means you can help them get to that goal. Negotiate with them for several days prior to the close of each month, and it is likely that you can obtain a better deal.
When a salesperson presents your offer to the manager, you should know the offer they bring back to you is still not the lowest you can get. Make another offer, and the next offer on their part is generally going to be a better one. They want the deal to be done quickly, so they should be at their lowest price at that point.
When deciding which vehicle you should purchase, think of where you normally drive. When you’re on the highway frequently, you’re likely to want a hybrid. When you determine how your new car will be used, you’ll be able to choose one that fits your driving needs.
Do not be overwhelmed by a pushy salesperson. At times, salesmen appear like they have your best interests at heart, but this is just their way of earning your trust. You should take a few days to think about the deal they are offering you instead of letting them convince you to purchase a car right away.
Choose a model that is famous for being cheap and needing rare repairs. The last thing that you want to do is spend a lot of money on repairs. Find reviews online to determine which vehicles may meet your needs without requiring repairs.
When you think you can get a low rate at a bank, why not! In doing so, you can save hundreds or even thousands of dollars that would be wasted by accepting less generous rates from another lender. The bank will make you pay minimum interest in comparison to them.
Take your time when thinking about vehicle purchases. You may be pushed by the salesperson to by now, when you may not need to. Try not to fall for the tricks of a dealer. There’s a 90% chance that the “special promotion” will remain when you’re ready to buy.
Check financing options prior to looking at vehicles. Doing this will give you set guidelines, so that you do not yearn for a car that you cannot afford. This will also keep you from being enticed by low down/monthly payment offers on cars that are out of your price range.
The next time you go car shopping, will you feel more confident? This article should help you immensely. There is no longer a reason to feel like you cannot be successful in finding the car of your dreams. You’ve got the knowledge to find the best deal.