Make sure to keep yourself covered, if you do employ these money saving tips as suggested in the video above. And by covered I mean, employ yourself and independent building inspector to carry out a certified building inspection report, so that when the time comes to sell you property, your buyer will have the peace of mind knowing that even though you employed some cost saving methods to construct your home, you didn’t cut corners when it came to doing things properly.
The way a building inspector can help you to save money in the long run, is to inspect any work done by contractors or owner builders, who to the untrained eye may have done things incorrectly in order to save themselves some money on materials or processes.
If you are in the Melbourne area, then New Building Inspectors, are your first choice for a qualified builder to provide you with an independent building inspections report.
And once the house is complete you are going to want to celebrate. After all that blood sweat and tears, the new house is now ready to be enjoyed and what better way to do that than to entertain your friends and family.
After the hard work that everyone has contributed to the project it is only fitting that they get to join in on the celebrations too. You can invite the builders, bricklayers, landscapers, interior decorators – in fact invite anyone who has put in their best effort to make your new home the best it could be. You never know when you are going to want to have them come back and do some more work or fix up any mistakes that may eventuate after the warrranty period may be over. If you have returned kind with kind, you will be in a better negotiation spot to get them back to do the work for little or no cost to you.
Make sure you take all the hard work out of the event and hire a quality catering company to handle the food preparation and service of the guests. You know you don’t save much money by trying to do this yourself and it just adds to the enjoyment level when someone else is responsible for the cooking and looking after the mess once the party is over. Companies that can handle corporate events and cocktail parties, such as Chilterns Catering are the people you need to call first.
So whatever you decide to do, just make sure that everyone has a good time at your house warming party.
In keeping with most districts of healthcare, the marketplace has seen a boom in the construction of Behavioral Healthcare facilities. Contributing to this increase is the paradigm shift in the way society views mental illness. Society is placing a heavier value on the need to treat people with serious addictions such as alcohol, prescription and elicit drugs. A large percentage of people suffering from behavioral disorders are afflicted with both mental and addictive behaviors, and most will re-enter communities and either become contributors or violators.
These very specialized facilities do not typically yield the attention from today’s top healthcare designers and their quantity accounts for a small fraction of healthcare construction. However, Behavioral Healthcare projects are increasing in number and are being designed by some very prominent architectural firms such as Cannon Design and Architecture Plus. Many are creating state-of-the-art, award-winning contemporary facilities that defy what most of us believe Behavioral Healthcare design to be.
Changing the Way We Design Behavioral Healthcare Facilities
As with all good planners and designers, A+D (along with facility experts) are reviewing the direct needs of patient and staff while reflecting on how new medicine and modern design can foster patient healing rates, reduce environmental stress, and increase safety. This is changing the face of treatment and outcome by giving the practitioner more time to treat because they require less time and resources to “manage” disruptive patient populations.
The face of Behavioral Healthcare is quickly changing. No longer are these facilities designed to warehouse patients indefinitely. And society’s expectations have changed. Patients are often treated with the belief that they can return to their community and be a contributor to society. According to the National Association of Psychiatric Health Systems (NAPHS), depending on the severity of illness, the average length of stay in a Behavioral Healthcare facility is only 9.6 days.
What has changed?
Jaques Laurence Black, AIA, president and principal of New York City-based daSILVA Architects, states that there are two primary reasons for the shortened admission period:
1. Introduction of modern psychotropic drugs that greatly speed recovery
2. Pressures from insurance companies to get patients out of expensive modes of care
To meet these challenges, healthcare professionals are finding it very difficult to effectively treat patients within the walls of antiquated, rapidly deteriorating mental facilities. A great percentage of these facilities were built between 1908 and 1928 and were designed for psychiatric needs that were principled in the belief to “store” not to “rehabilitate.”
Also impacting the need for Behavioral Healthcare construction is the reluctance of acute-care facilities to provide mental health level services for psychiatric or addiction patients. They recognize that patient groups suffering from behavioral disorders have unique health needs, all of which need to be handled and treated only by very experienced healthcare professionals. This patient population also requires a heightened level of security. Self-harm and injuring staff and other patients are major concerns.
The Report of the Surgeon General: “Epidemiology of Mental Illness” also reports that within a given year about 20% of Americans suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder and 5.4% suffer from a serious mental illness (SMI ) – defined as bipolar, panic, obsessive-compulsive, personality, and depression disorders and schizophrenia. It is also believed 6% of Americans suffer from addiction disorders, a statistic that is separate from individuals who suffer from both mental and addiction disorders. Within a given year it is believed that over one-quarter of America’s population warrants levels of mental clinical care. Even if these statistics were cut in half, it cannot be denied as a serious societal issue.
With a growing population, effectively designing in accordance with such measures is at the heart of public health.
Understanding the Complexity of Behavioral Healthcare Design
Therefore, like Corrections, leading planners and designers specializing in Behavioral Healthcare are delving deeper to better understand the complexity of issues and to be the activist to design facilities that promote treatment and healing – and a safer community.
The following is a list of key design variables that are being studied and implemented:
1. Right Sizing
2. Humanizing Materials and Color
3. Staff-Focused Amenities and Happiness
4. Security and Safety
5. Therapeutic Design Tenants
Today’s Behavioral Healthcare facilities are often one-story single buildings within a campus size. Often debated by Clients due to costs, this design preference is driven by the demand for natural light, window views to nature for all patient areas, and outdoor open-air gardens “wrapped” within. All of this provides soothing qualities to the patient, reduces their anxieties, counteracts disruptive conduct and helps to reduce staff stress.
“When you look at the program mix in these buildings, there’s a high demand for perimeter because there are a lot of rooms that need natural light. Offices, classrooms, dining areas, community rooms, and patient rooms all demand natural light, so you end up with a tremendous amount of exterior wall, and it forces the building to have a very large footprint.” – James Kent Muirhead, AIA, associate principal at Cannon Design in Baltimore
These design principles are also believed to improve staff work conditions. Unlike a multi-story complex, at any moment staff can walk outdoors and access nature, free from visual barriers, and within a building that more accurately reflects building types that both patients and staff would encounter in their communities.
In addition to right-sizing for the overall building footprint, is right-sizing for internal patient and staff support area. Similar to the move we have seen in Corrections to de-centralize support spaces, Behavioral Healthcare is moving to decentralized nursing/patient units called “neighborhoods.” With mental health facilities there is a large concern with distances and space adjacencies in relation to the patient room and patient support areas such as treatment and social spaces. Frank Pitts, AIA, FACHA, OAA president of Architecture Plus, Troy, NY, advocates neighborhoods that average 24-30 beds arranged in sub-clusters, called “houses”, of 8-10 beds. Thus, each neighborhood consists of three houses. Often these layouts will include a common area where patients congregate and socialize, with a separate quiet room so patients can elect to avoid active, crowded areas. In addition Pitts states, “There’s a move away from central dining facilities. So, while facilities will still have a central kitchen, it’s a whole lot easier moving food than it is patients.” However, it is important for the facility to mimic normal outside daily life routines, so patients are encouraged to frequently leave their neighborhoods to attend treatment sessions, and outdoor courtyards.
Humanizing Materials & Color
In all facilities that play a role in rehabilitation, design strives to create spaces that humanize, calm, and relax. Behavioral Healthcare patients need to feel that they are in familiar surroundings; therefore, the architectural vocabulary should feel comfortable and normal. Since these facilities are about rehabilitation (when possible) and encouraging patients to merge back into society, the facility should feel like an extension of the community. Their spaces should reflect the nature and architecture of the surrounding region and thus so, no two facilities should look too much alike.
“Our approach to designing these facilities is to view the facility as an extension of the community where patients will end up when they’re released. Interior finishes also depend on geography because you want to replicate the environment patients are used to. You want to de-stigmatize the facility as much as possible.” – Tim Rommel, AIA, ACHA, OAA, principal with Cannon Design in Buffalo, NY.
Therefore, materials and colors within these spaces want to feel familiar to one’s region and everyday life. To soothe the psyche and rehabilitate, they want to feel soft and comfortable, yet visually stimulating. An interior that is overly neutral or hard in appearance is not appropriate. Materials should reduce noise, and colors should lift the spirit. This can help to create an environment in which the patient can learn, socialize, and be productive while easing anxieties, delivering dignity, and modifying behavior. As stated previously, behavioral studies advise the use of softer interior materials-like carpeting, wood doors and tile. Doing so translates directly to both patient and staff well-being, particularly staff safety, and makes for a nicer place to work. In addition, staff have more resources to “treat” instead of manage heated situations. When staff experiences are eased and satisfied, morale is boosted and life-saving rules and policies are more likely to be enforced.
Staff-Focused Amenities & Happiness
While reducing staff stress and fatigue through a healing supportive environment seems like an obvious goal, there are relatively few studies that have dealt with this issue in any detail. More attention has been given to patient outcomes. However, many leading hospitals that have adopted therapeutic tenants into their newly built environments have seen vast improvement through their “business matrixes” and financial reporting.
In one example, the Mayo Clinic, a national leader in implementing healing design in its facilities, has reported a reduction of nursing turnover from a national annual average of 20% to an annual 3%-4%. In another example, when Bronson Methodist Hospital incorporated evidence-based design into its new 343-bed hospital, they cited their 19%-20% nurse turnover rate dramatically dropped to 5%.
Now, both the Mayo Clinic and Bronson Methodist Hospital have had to initiate a waiting list for nursing staff seeking positions. This converts to better-trained and qualified staff, and a reduced error rate. Therefore, more health facilities are investing in staff support areas such as lounges, changing rooms, and temporary sleep rooms. Within these staff spaces and in the hospital throughout, facilities are also recognizing the need for upgrade materials, better day lighting, and an interesting use of color: One soon realizes that the need of patients and staff are interwoven, each impacting positively or negatively the other.
Security & Safety
Without debate, self harm and harm to staff is one of the biggest concerns mental health facilities manage. Often the biggest safety and security concern is the damage patients can do to themselves. “There are three rules I had drummed in me,” says Mark Hanchar; Director of Preconstruction Services for Gilbane Building Company, Providence, R.I. “First, there can’t be any way for people to hang themselves. Second, there can be no way for them to create weapons. Third, you must eliminate things that can be thrown.” Hanchar says that the typical facility is, “a hospital with medium-security prison construction.” This means shatter proof glass, solid surface countertops (laminate can be peeled apart), stainless steel toilets and sinks (porcelain can shatter), push pull door latches and furniture that cannot be pulled apart and used as a weapon. These are just to name a few.
Additionally, removing barriers between patients and nursing staff is a safety consideration. Frank Pitts, AIA, FACHA, OAA president of Architecture Plus, says what may be counter-intuitive for safety precautions, “Glass walls around nursing stations just aggravate the patients.” Removing glass or lowering it at nursing stations so patients can feel a more human connection to nurses often calms patients. There is also discussion of removing nursing stations altogether; decentralizing and placing these care needs directly into the clinical neighborhoods and community spaces. Pitt says, “The view is that [nursing staff] need to be out there treating their patients.”
Therapeutic Design Tenants
As medicine is increasingly moving towards “evidence-based” medicine, where clinical choices are informed by research, healthcare design is increasingly guided by research linking the physical environment directly to patient and staff outcomes. Research teams from Texas A&M and Georgia Tech sifted through thousands of scientific articles and identified more than 600 – most from top peer-reviewed journals – to quantify how hospital design can play a direct role in clinical outcomes.
The research teams uncovered a large body of evidence that demonstrates design features such as increased day-lighting, access to nature, reduced noise and increased patient control helped reduce stress, improve sleep, and increase staff effectiveness – all of which promote healing rates and save facilities cost. Therefore, improving physical settings can be a critical tool in making hospitals more safe, more healing, and better places to work.
Today’s therapeutic spaces have been defined to excel in 3 categories:
1. Provide clinical excellence in the treatment of the body
2. Meet the psycho-social needs of patients, families, and staff
3. Produce measurable positive patient outcomes and staff effectiveness
Considering the cost of treating mental illness, which is exceedingly high, and wanting facilities to have effective outcomes, a further practice of incorporating therapeutic design is increasing. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIM H) approximated in 2008 that serious mental illnesses (SMI ), costs the nation $193 billion annually in lost wages. The indirect costs are impossible to estimate.
The estimated direct cost to clinically treat is approximately $70 billion annually and another $12 billion spent towards substance abuse disorders. In addition to the increased need of care and the boom in Behavioral Healthcare construction, it becomes an obligation to make certain that we as facility managers, architects, designers and manufacturers therapeutically plan and design these facilities.
Notably, in 2004, “The Role of the Physical Environment in the Hospital for the 21st Century: A Once-in-a-Lifetime Opportunity,” published by Roger Ulrich P.H.D., of Texas A&M University, was released. In a culmination of evidence-based research, research teams found five design principles that contributed significantly to achieving therapeutic design goals.
The report indicates five key factors that are essential for the psychological well-being of patients, families and staff, including:
1. Access to Nature
2. Provide Positive Distractions
3. Provide Social Support Spaces
4. Give a Sense of Control
5. Reduce or eliminate environmental stress
Access to Nature
Studies indicate that nature might have the most powerful impact to help patient outcomes and staff effectiveness. Nature can be literal or figurative – natural light, water walls, views to nature, large prints of botanicals and geography, materials that indicate nature and most importantly, stimulating color that evokes nature. Several studies strongly support that access to nature such as day-lighting and appropriate colorations can improve health outcomes such as depression, agitation, sleep, circadian rest-activity rhythms, as well as length of stay in demented patients and persons with seasonal affective disorders (SAD).
These and related studies continue to affirm the powerful impact of natural elements on patient recovery and stress reduction. Thus, it is clear that interior designs which integrate natural elements can create a more relaxing, therapeutic environment that benefits both patients and staff.
These are a small set of environmental features that provide the patient and family a positive diversion from “the difficult” and, in doing so, also negate an institutional feel. These can be views to nature, water walls, artwork, super imposed graphics, sculpture, music – and ideally all of these want to be focused on nature and, when applicable, an interesting use of color. Therapeutic environments that provide such patient-centered features can empower patients and families, but also increase their confidence in the facility and staff. This helps with open lines of communication between patient and caregiver.
Social Support Spaces
These are spaces designed partially for the patient but mainly for the comfort and socialization of family members and friends of the patient; therefore, family lounges, resource libraries, chapels, sleep rooms and consult rooms all play a role. When family and friends play a key role in a patient’s healing, these spaces encourage families to play an active role in the rehabilitation process.
Sense of Control
In times when patients and family feel out of control, it is very healing for the facility design and staff to provide it back when appropriate. Although, this cannot always be done suitably in mental healthcare facilities. However, when applicable, these design features include optional lighting choices, architectural way-finding, resource libraries, enhanced food menus, private patient rooms and
optional areas to reside in. A few well-appointed studies in psychiatric wards and nursing homes have found that optional choices of moveable seating in dining areas enhanced social interaction and improved eating disorders. When patients feel partially in control of their healing program and that the building features are focused to them, an increased confidence of the quality of care enters and tensions lower.
As with all therapeutic design, this allows the caregiver to use their resources healing in lieu of “managing” patient populations.
Reduce or Eliminate Environmental Stress
Noise level measurements show that hospital wards can be excessively noisy places resulting in negative effects on patient outcomes. The continuous background noise produced by medical equipment and staff voices often exceeds the level of a busy restaurant. Peak noise periods (shift changes, equipment alarms, paging systems, telephones, bedrails, trolleys, and certain medical equipment like portable xray machines are comparable to walking next to a busy highway when a motorcycle or large truck passes.
Several studies have focused on infants in NIC Us, finding that higher noise levels, for example, decrease oxygen saturation (increasing need for oxygen support therapy), elevate blood pressure, increase heart and respiration rate, and worsen sleep. Research on adults and children show that noise is a major cause of awakening and sleep loss.
Architectural design can assist in overcoming these types of obstacle. Whether you are designing a luxury home or care facility, there are certain design aspects that need to be considered. Overall comfort and a sense of peace, are able to be enhanced by a well designed environment. Considering Melbourne designed homes and prestige premises, one could draw the conclusion that choosing the right home builder is going to make all the difference.
In addition to worsening sleep, there is strong evidence that noise increases stress in adult patients, for example, heightening blood pressure and heart rate. Environmental surfaces in hospitals are usually hard and sound-reflecting, not sound-absorbing causing noise to travel down corridors and into patient rooms. Sounds tend to echo, overlap and linger longer.
Interventions that reduce noise have been found to improve sleep and reduce patient stress. Of these, the environmental or design interventions such as changing to sound-absorbing ceiling tiles, are more successful than organizational interventions like establishing “quiet hours.” White noise or noise reducing electronic devices can also help quieten a noisy environment.
Conclusion and Additional Information
The information contained in this excerpted report is intended as a guide for architects, specifiers, designers, facility planners, medical directors, procurers, psychologists and social workers which have a stake in providing improved facilities for behavioral healthcare patients. It is a portion of a report entitled “The Contributions of Color” authored by Tara Hill, of Little Fish Think Tank. Ms. Hill was commissioned by Norix Group Inc., in 2010 to research the role color plays in the safe operation of correctional facilities and behavioral health centers. More in-depth information specifically about the psychological influence of color and behavioral healthcare facility design can be found by reading the full report.
About the Author
Tara Hill is a full-scope, state registered interior designer, and the founder and principle of Little Fish Think Tank. Before founding Little Fish, Ms. Hill was an Associate + Senior Designer at HOK, and the Director of Interiors at Stanley, Beaman & Sears. She has implemented award-winning, innovative design solutions for commercial and institutional interiors.
Ms. Hill also has significant experience regarding the science and theory of color, both as a design tool and a promoter of healing. She has conducted extensive research in evidence-based design regarding color and its profound impact on the human spirit.
Prior to her work with Norix, Ms. Hill developed the Healing Colors Collection for Corian® solid surfaces, by Dupont®, for the healthcare environment. http://www.golittlefish.net
About Norix Group Inc.
For over 25 years, Norix has offered the most complete line of correctional furniture, for use throughout correctional facilities. With their extensive experience in providing secure furniture for prisons and jails, Norix is a trusted resource for every corrections application.
Norix also offers a vast array of furniture for several industries including behavioral healthcare, commercial, higher education, public safety, GSA and shelters. All furniture is designed for safety, security and extreme durability. Norix intensive-use furniture is extraordinary by design, surpassing industry standards for strength, safety and long-term performance.
Don’t allow a broken hot water system become a burden. While it is a fact that you depend heavily on your hot water system to run your daily affairs and that its malfunction can frustrate and set back your day, it is also important to know that a number of responsive and highly dependable company specializing in Hot water repairs Perth can come in and resolve any problem you may encounter. Professionals that specialize in Hot water systems Perth can get your system back up and running in little time. You will find nothing but the best, the most experience personnel in dealing with these firms; and they offer you the kind of service that you need to get your life back on track.
Hot water forms such an important part of household work nowadays that it is almost impossible to get along without it. This fact is mostly taken for granted. However, when it stops working properly, you take notice. The most common and ordinary things become very hard to deal with and manage. The proper operation of appliances is a necessary part of ordinary life. Without a functioning hot water system you cannot warm your home in the winter; without an operating boiler you cannot heat your home in winter or do dish washing and clothes washing machines. It becomes very difficult to keep your home clean and well preserved in general. These are all important chores. They are vital to your ability to manage your household. And that is why you must keep your hot water system in good working order if you are to enjoy a smoothly running life.
If you have an emergency with a boiler, the best thing to do is to call someone trained to deal with it. The very worst thing you can do is try to fix it yourself, though it will be quite tempting to do so. However, if you think about it, it is much easier to call an expert, someone who is trained and has the right tools, to fix your broken appliance.
To be sure, not all hot water repair firms deliver the same level of quality. It is also true that not all such repair companies are able to offer the same kind of value in the rates they charge. However, you should go with a repair company that can provide you with both the service you want and the value you deserve.
It is not hard at all to find a company that specializes in hot water system repair. Going online is the best move to make in this regard. It will give you the means to find someone quickly. You will be able to sift through a wide variety of appliance repair companies, so that you can find the one best suited to meet your needs. Working the problem online will help you make the decisions you need to get your appliances repaired in a timely manner, and in a way that guarantees you will not have to call again to get the work redone. This will save you a great deal of time and money.
Motor Industry and Highways Sector Must Unite to Save Lives, report claims.
The two heavyweights in road and car safety, EuroRAP and Euro NCAP, have joined forces to call on the motor industry and the highways sector to work together to ensure that technologies now available in the showroom reach their potential of saving thousands of lives. Absolutesignsolutions.com.au is the online producer of a wide variety of ready-to-apply signs Sydney and decals.
In a consultation document issued jointly by the safety organisations, Roads that Cars can Read, EuroRAP and Euro NCAP assert that the condition of road signs and markings could be the greatest hurdle in reaping the benefits of new in-car safety technology.
According to the report, technologies now arriving in new car showrooms are forecast to save thousands of European lives as they trickle down into universal use. Increasingly cameras and sensors are used to read the road ahead and help the vehicle react early if drivers are heading into danger. Though, obscured signs or faded road markings are hard to read whether using the naked eye or an in-car camera. The new report includes a survey of six countries to probe how signing and marking practice still varies around Europe after more than half a century of international conventions.
John Dawson, Chairman of the European Road Assessment Programme (EuroRAP) says: “Huge sums have been spent developing technology that is revolutionizing the safety of our vehicles. Little attention has been given to the quality of basic signing and marking with which drivers currently have to cope. We’ve found no country which systematically measures the quality of signing and marking being achieved. A century after the cat’s eye was invented, technology is again driving this rethink of how the road ahead can be read safely. The key lesson is that what is good for humans is good for machines.”
Roads that Cars can Read recommends that the roads and motor industries should learn to work on new designs together by focusing on helping drivers with two early technologies now offered in new cars, “Lane Support” and “Speed Alert”. Lane Support reads lane markings to work out the position of the vehicle within the lane and steers drifting vehicles back on path, a common origin of crashes. “Speed Alert” allows drivers to choose warnings when exceeding posted roadside speed limits.
Michiel van Ratingen, Secretary General of the European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) says: “the roadsides of Europe are littered with flowers and shrines. More than a quarter of road deaths involve running off the road. ‘Lane Support’ gives the driver a warning that’s as physical as hitting a rumble strip on the road. It is estimated more than 2,000 European deaths annually can be prevented with this technology.”
“The consequences of missing a change of speed limit have become more serious as more nations have adopted a points system and enforce limits rigorously. The ‘Speed Alert’ system protects the drivers from missing a speed sign, not least when limits chop and change.”
Roads that Cars can Read recommends that both the roads and motor industries this decade should target improved signing and marking on the ten per cent of Europe’s roads where the majority of travel and the majority of deaths are concentrated involving higher speed crashes. “The majority of European deaths are on national roads and busy regional roads outside towns. The single carriageways are Europe’s killing fields. We should focus this decade on ensuring the quality of the signing and marking on these busy open roads whether or not the technology needs it,” says John Dawson.
“We now need a full survey of the quality of road signs and markings to measure the real-world variation in signing and marking across borders and define the working tolerances that are acceptable.”
Note to editors:
Roads that Cars can Read is a Consultation Document which is seeking the views of road users, road authorities and the motor industry across Europe. The paper will be discussed as a workshop taking place in Windsor on 30th June 2011 with participants from all groups involved.
For further media information:
Marie Brasseur, Euro NCAP Communications Manager or +32 2 4007746
EuroRAP: David Armstrong or Becky Hadley Hadstrong +44 20 7808 7997
With all of the options to consider, it can be a hassle to buy a car. Do you know which features you need or how to negotiate for a better price? The article below can help you make good car buying decisions. There are many car care products out in the market that claims to protect your cars paint, in my experience in Australia lots of my friends told me that paint protection Melbourne painters are really good in choosing the best products.
Do not let a salesperson sell you a vehicle you can’t honestly afford. A salesperson will say anything and everything to get someone in a new vehicle, and the higher the price tag, the higher commission he will earn. You need to be aware that this salesperson is looking to make money through a commission, as well.
Look online for a great deal. You shouldn’t visit the dealership until you know precisely which make and model you desire. Do online research to find out the specifications and rating that are important to you.
Do your research online in order to find the best deals. The Internet will save you a lot of money. You have a couple choices. You can drive to the dealer to buy the car you find, or ask the dealer to buy the car for you. If the dealership is close by, try going to save more money.
Arrange car financing prior to buying a car. Credit unions and banks are good options. This often provides you with a much better interest rate, and you can visit the dealership with a solid idea of what you can afford.
Ask to have the car looked at by your personal mechanic before you purchase it from a dealer. A dealer that doesn’t allow this is a red flag. A mechanic will help you identify issues and recognize signs of a wreck if you are purchasing a used car.
As family and friends for opinions. How do they like the cars they own? Are they regretting their vehicle purchase? What things are they hearing about different cars that are out there? When you’re looking for a vehicle, this is one way for you to figure out where you can go in your search for a new or used car.
Safety features are a must when car shopping. The car should have ABS or anti-lock brakes. You also want to make sure there are air bags, and the more the better. Safety is key when you’ll be driving a lot.
Salesmen typically have goals they must reach every month. That is why you want to shop at the end of the month. Salesmen who are missing a few sales will give you a great deal to meet the quota. This additional pressure will help give you a little more room for lowering the asking price.
Car shopping can be both exciting and exhausting. With a few mouse clicks and searches, you can comparison shop to find your best options without even leaving your house. There are several online sites that consolidate information from various private owners and dealerships so that you can conduct a side-by-side comparison shopping of different vehicles and their amenities and asking price. Using this technique will save you both money and time.
An auto show is a great way to understand the type of car that you desire. Auto shows are a unique opportunity to compare many different makes side-by-side under one roof. You can also talk to people who know a lot about cars. This will give you valuable information that you will need to make your decision.
Prior to shopping for a car, take a look at your budget. You must know how much you can afford for a car. Find out how much you’re able to spend on car payments monthly. You should get a loan before starting the shopping process.
Be careful about giving up your personal information. Some dealerships want this information so they can ruin your credit. Running your credit multiple times is disadvantageous. Do not allow anyone to pull your credit until you have hammered out your deal.
Although you have a mental picture of the car you desire, it might be unattainable. You might not be able to afford what you want at the dealer; shop around! The absence of heated seats will not detract from your driving experience.
Know your purchasing price before you drive to the dealership. This number should reflect the amount you want to spend and the value of whatever car you want to buy.
Make sure that the car you purchase has been inspected fully. The mechanic should be trustworthy. Stay away from the dealer’s mechanic. Your mechanic can tell you if it is safe and if the car is worth your dollar.
Always read before you put down your John Hancock. You will have to sign a contract at the dealership, and you should read it carefully. Your signature binds you legally, meaning you’ll have to pay or suffer severe consequences. If you do not want to be rushed while reading your contracts, ask if you can take things home to read in peace. If you cannot do this, get a copy of the agreement.
At this point, you should know what to look for when purchasing a new vehicle. Just get out there and start researching. Buy when you’re comfortable to ensure a great purchase.
Mold spores are a regular part of indoor air and live on walls furniture and clothes in the humid climate of Palm Coast, Florida. Usually mold comes from outside sources, although regular household cleaning will keep levels low. regular heavy duty cleaning of shows and baths where spores accumulate is essential for a healthy home.
If your Florida home has a significant level of mold growth, however, that’s cause for concern. Spores can flourish wherever there is a leak, flood or high levels of humidity. This growth usually leads to high levels of airborne mold, which in turn triggers additional growth as spores travel to other areas inside your Florida home that also have high moisture levels.
An extensive mold infestation damages your Florida home’s interior and its furnishings. including carpets and cabinets. Over time, uncontrolled mold growth can even invade structural elements. Even though there is no practical way to eliminate all mold, keeping your home as clean and dry as possible can prevent extensive damage.
Damage to your Palm Coast, Florida, home and possessions is only one reason to keep it clean. Mold also presents potential health risks to individuals with allergies or respiratory problems.
Adverse effects of molds include allergic reactions, infections, irritations and in some cases can even be toxic. Symptoms of adverse mold reactions include wheezing, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, nasal congestion, sneezing, eye and throat irritations, fatigue and headaches.
To avoid such problems, here are some tips to help keep your Palm Coast, Florida, home from becoming a mold breeding ground.
1. Vent bathrooms, dryers and other moisture producers to the outside
2. Ensure that all air conditioning vents have unrestricted air flow
3. Use dehumidifiers for basements and crawlspaces
4. When cooking, use the kitchen exhaust fan
5. Install sufficient installation on piping, air ducts and basement walls to retard the formation of condensation
6. Use moisture sensor alarms in areas where water back-ups and overflows frequently occur to avoid leaks and similar problems.
So, are you thinking of getting a new car? That is great, but do you know how many mistakes you can make while buying a car? The article that follows shares information you need when you are ready to purchase a new car. The new game changer in auto detailing industry that makes detailing simple is the HD Car care.
Prior to stepping foot in a dealership, obtain a car loan. Checking your credit and finding a lender is what takes the bulk of your time on a car lot. If you already have a loan when you walk through the door, you will have a much faster transaction.
Take the time to research the dealer before you make any offer on a car. If you are familiar with their financing choices and trade-in policy in advance, you will negotiate from a stronger position. Also, reading their customer reviews may help you avoid losing money.
Take someone along to help you car shop. They can serve as a disinterested observer and can help you walk away if you are not getting a fair deal. This can be any relative, a co-worker or a friend.
Get the advice from trusted family and friends. Are they satisfied with their cars? Do they regret buying the one they have? What are they hearing in terms of cars they’d wish to have? When you are looking for a new vehicle, keeping your ear to the ground is a great way to do some starting research in your hunt.
Prior to purchasing a car, test drive it. Even if you once had the same exact vehicle, you have to be sure that this one works just as well. Sometimes, you may notice a defect that you did not anticipate.
If you own a fairly expensive car, avoid driving that car to the dealership when you are car shopping. This is especially important if you plan to trade in the vehicle. A salesperson may use this as grounds for rejecting any less-than-generous offer.
Take a potential winning vehicle for a spin before buying! You never know how the car is going to run, despite how it may look outside. Always take the time to test the equipment. There is no substitute for direct and personal testing. You may find the car doesn’t handle as you would like or isn’t as smooth as you expected.
Try to shop for your new vehicle towards month’s end. Typically, you can get the best deals around this time. When the month is nearly over, you can get a better deal, since your salesman may be trying to meet his quota.
Look at your budget before you start shopping. An automobile purchase can be pricey, so make sure that you have the necessary amount of money to obtain what you want. Allot a certain amount of money for car payments each and every month. Before looking at cars, you may want to shop around for a loan.
Don’t give out your SS number quickly. Many dealers will attempt to get this from you right away in order to run a credit check. If you don’t get a car purchased there, just getting that credit run by them may end up hurting you in the long run. You should work out a deal before you give out personal info.
Although you have your sights set on a specific vehicle, it may be unobtainable. Maybe you see cars with the features you enjoy, but there just aren’t any cars that have exactly what you want now. The absence of heated seats will not detract from your driving experience.
Your trade-in should be kept a secret. Do not disclose to others of your trade-in vehicle until an actual price has been negotiated for the car you are buying. If you reveal this information right away, the salesperson will use the trade-in as a discount on the final price instead of actually giving you an interesting deal.
Always make an effort to do research before getting a used car. The Internet is replete with useful resources about a car’s value. In order to find out the value of a car, use NADA or the Kelly Blue Book. If the car is priced higher than these sources have them priced, go somewhere else.
A salesperson is trying to earn a lot of money. This may seem obvious, but it can easily be lost when faced with a pro. Don’t let them tack on expensive things you don’t need. Even a bargain car can easily increase by hundreds, if not thousands, of dollars.
Wait a bit prior to purchasing brand new models of any car. If you want a while, you can get the car for less money. Wait a few months while the hype dies down, then go make your purchase.
Learn about the service departments of dealerships you are planning on visiting. Visit the service department and talk to some of their current customers. Call their department and ask for any advice you’ve found answers to in order to test them. Stick with a dealer that has educated staff on hand.
You should test drive the vehicles you are interested in. You can’t get a feel for the car if you don’t drive it. Push the car in as many ways as you can think before you sign any papers.
Like most things, vehicles also carry hidden costs. Fuel economy details, upkeep costs, and insurance costs are factors which can vary among different vehicles. Before parting with your hard-earned cash, make sure you investigate whether the vehicle has any higher than average costs, such as oil changing or replacement parts. These hidden costs can make a substantial difference in the total cost of owning the car.
Do not be fooled by low monthly payment quotes that mask an inflated overall cost. Getting distracted by a lower monthly payment is easy to do. Some people that sell cars try to take advantage of these things by offering lower monthly rates that turn out to be more than the car is worth later. Carefully go over the contract before signing it to ensure that you are completely aware of all terms and conditions.
When purchasing a new car, there are some things you need to know. Your goal should be to first learn about the process before you rush out to purchase anything. Take some time to do things the right way. Have fun purchasing the correct car.
To comprehend just how nano paint innovation aids in auto defense, one has to have an understanding of what nanotechnology is. Generally, nanotechnology includes fragments that go to a lot of 100 manometers, fragments so little that they can do things formerly thought difficult. The only evidence that breakthrough paint protection is durable from all other products is by reading some reviews online.
One of the locations where nanotechnology is being made use of is in the manufacturing of automobile paints that assist in auto defense. Actually, auto paints made with nano paint technology protect automobiles in methods that ordinary vehicle paints never can. Much more particularly, nano paint modern technology protects a vehicle’s paint from both natural environments and manufactured products that could harm it.
Actually, nanotechnology has actually been so advanced in the auto sector that a confidential automobile paint professional once claimed, “The introduction of nano paint technology is like having a dike leak that can’t be secured due to the fact that all the readily available corks are as well big, then a piece of cork small sufficient to seal the hole merely flawlessly is obtained. That’s just what nano paint innovation did. It enabled us to fix issues with auto paints that were previously thought to be unsolvable.”.
What is it specifically that makes nano paints so extraordinary? When nano paint reaches contact with a car’s area, it forms an incredibly strict bond, a bond tighter compared to the best bonds that normal paints can ever obtain. Exactly what enables nano paint modern technology to complete this is the truth that the areas of automobiles are actually never ever actually flawlessly smooth and flat no matter exactly how well vehicle manufacturers try to make them. In fact, checked out under a microscope, the surfaces of vehicles really consist of pits and valleys that regular car paints could never wish to reach into.
On the other hand, nano paint could reach into the pits and valleys located on auto surface areas and hold the remainder of an auto’s area more effectively, thus developing a tighter link between the bits of the paint and the fragments of the vehicle’s area. Then, nano paint comes to be much less most likely to be knocked off by any rough product, such as little pebbles or stones, that may enter contact with a vehicle’s surface while the vehicle is being driven. In addition, nano paints are much more insusceptible to damages that can be triggered by detergents, chemicals, and abrasives that are usually made use of in washing autos.
Mercedez-Benz was the initial car maker to utilize nano paint technology in 2003, allowing the brand to present to the marketplace a new scratch-resistant and chemical-resistant clear coat having ceramic particles that each step a millionth of a millimeter. When a vehicle is painted making use of nano paint modern technology, these ceramic nano-particles find themselves drifting around openly in the paint. Then, when the physical body of the automobile is oven cooked at 140 levels Celsius as part of the painting process, the nano-particles make a dense network as opposed to the long molecular chains conventional paints form. This dense network, in turn, allows the lacquer to supply even more reliable protection from scratches and regular wear and tear.
As a matter of fact, when Mercedes-Benz checked their nano-particle clear coats, it was found that their nano paint was 40 percent much more able to remain free of fine scratches than average clear coats, hence allowing the automobile to retain its gloss for longer periods of time.
Undoubtedly, as nano paint innovation continuous lies create, vehicle owners will enjoy the perks of much better and much better vehicle security from the paint on their autos.
For many, it’s our favorite time of year: the fall. For others, it’s the time of year where you plan for your energy bill to go through the roof. No matter what you do, it seems like you can’t control your bills quite as much as you did in the summer. Here are some energy saving tips that can help make those cold winter months a bit more bearable.
1. Open your curtains during the day.
The windows that allow the most sunshine into your home should be left open during daytime. Leaving these windows open for just a few hours every day can help reduce how much you need to heat your home in the winter.
2. Lower the thermostat inside your home.
By layering up, your home can stand to have the temperature 5 degrees lower. A small decrease in your home’s overall temperature can mean big savings on your next bill. You can try this during the day when everyone is gone and see if your family can stand the difference at night while everyone is sleeping.
3. Avoid blocking heat vents.
Furniture has a tendency to get moved around during the year without us even realizing that it could be blocking a vent. Do a quick sweep of your home and make sure no vents are being blocked by large pieces of furniture.
4. Get an energy audit for your home.
This is the easiest way to find ways to save money around your home. A home professional can come to your home and examine how efficient your home is. They can then provide you with a list of ways to become more efficient (even better than this list).
5. Maintain your HVAC system.
Like your car, your HVAC system needs yearly maintenance. We recommend getting your system professionally looked at every fall before the cold winter temperatures set in. A dirty system can cost you a breakdown or a total system failure if not diagnosed and treated properly.
6. Examine your fireplace closely.
Like your HVAC system, your fireplace needs maintenance as well. Make sure it’s properly fitted with additions to ensure efficiency. If you are looking for the fireplace to warm your entire home, speak to a contractor about an exchange system installation.
7. Switch to LED lights for an efficiency win.
Your old holiday lights take up so much energy they can do some real damage your bill. Replacing them with LEDs, which take up much less energy and are ultimately more energy efficient. Keeping your lights on a timer will also help keep your costs under control.
8. Install a programmable thermostat for ultimate efficiency.
If you are stuck manually adjusting your thermostat, there is a good chance you are losing more money than you even realize. A programmable thermostat remedies that problem by letting you set the temperature in your home at all hours of the day. The initial investment is small and can save you hundreds of dollars a year.
Christmas is a great time to introduce energy saving habits into a household as many easy and simple changes in the way we live can end up putting extra money into your pocket. Higher electricity prices in South Africa have become an increasing strain on consumers’ monthly expenses and Eskom recently announced that it had applied to the state regulator Nersa to further increase the price of electricity by 16% every year. This means that South Africans could on average pay just over double the current electricity price by 2018.
“As consumers we have a lot of decision making power when it comes to how we use and save energy,” says Claire Volkwyn, who is the programme director of the annual African Utility Weekconference and expo in Cape Town.
“There are a variety of ways we can use a lot less electricity this holiday season such as using LED* Christmas lights which use 90% less electricity than regular Christmas lights. Also invest in solar powered outdoor lights which can also be used on the Christmas tree and only come on at night.”
Volkwyn continues: “get everyone in the family involved this December and challenge them to think of creative ways to save energy and make it a competition – and then reward the family by taking them out to dinner with the money you have saved! This way everyone starts to think about living greener and it becomes a way of life. African Utility Week is also a partner in Eskom’s 49M campaign, and we embrace the energy efficient use of power, not just in our company, but in our homes and personal lives too.”
More tips to be more energy friendly this holiday season:
1) Buy gifts that don’t use electricity or batteries. Up to 40% of all batteries are purchased during the holiday season. Buy environmentally friendly gifts such as solar chargers for laptops, cell phones and solar-powered torches.
2) Don’t use the tumble dryer unnecessarily – it’s summer, so take advantage of solar powered drying.
3) Turn off the room lights when the Christmas tree lights are on.
4) Set a timer to Christmas and outdoor lights to limit the time they are on.
5) Create a romantic or devout atmosphere by using candles instead of lights.
6) Enjoy the weather and celebrate the holidays outside with a braai instead of cooking on a stove! Or enjoy cold meats and salads during this summer season – it’s healthier and saves on power
7) If you’re going away, turn off/down the empty refrigerator.
More advice for creating a more energy efficient home during the year:
– Invest in a geyser blanket. Unless the geyser is properly insulated, switching it off does not save electricity.
– Insulate the roof to make the house cooler in summer and warmer in winter and thereby saving on using heating and cooling devices.
– Switch off appliances at the source when not in use.
– Replace bulbs with CFLs (compact fluorescent lamps).
– Limit the use of down-lighters in your home. All the heat they generate is lost power
– Use cold water to do laundry, it saves electricity and is better for the clothes.
For the past 12 years, the African Utility Week conference and exhibition has helped to reduce the energy consumption of commercial and industrial large power users and has assisted in African utilities providing electricity and water to all of Africa. The event brings together thousands of utility professionals from across the globe to learn, share knowledge and debate the key topics that will secure the future development of Africa’s power industry. These include energy efficiency, improved service delivery, renewable energy, collaboration across the continent and investment in new power projects. Stakeholders across the industry attend the event, from Energy ministers, utilities such as Eskom, municipalities and regulators to investors and technology and service providers. Attending theAfrican Utility Week exhibition is free when registering in advance and it showcases energy saving technologies and services for the industry from more than 250 providers and features hands-on demonstrations and workshops on the exhibition floor.
What is 49M?
Eskom’s 49M campaign encourages all South Africans to take the 49M pledge to save at least 10% electricity.